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Summative Review

Three Branches of Government, Federalism, and government terms/definitions

TermDefinition
Bicameral consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in a legislature
Unicarmel a government with only one legislative house or chamber
Bill a (idea) draft of a law presented to a legislature
Veto to reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law
How old do you have to be to become a Senator? 30
Congress a meeting of elected or appointed representatives (Senate and House of Representatives)
Exectuvie Branch the branch of government, headed by the president, that carries out the nation’s laws and policies
Legislative Branch the branch of government that makes the nation’s laws
Judicial Branch the branch of government, including the federal court that determines whether a law is constitutional/interprets the laws
Government a particular system used for controlling a country, state, etc.
Constitution a formal plan of government
Amendment an addition to a formal document such as the Constitution
Article a part (the body) of a document, such as the Constitution, that deals with a single subject
Preamble the introduction to a formal document, especially the Constitution
Electoral College a special group of voters selected by their state’s voters to vote for the president and vice president
Compromise an agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants
How old do you have to be to become a member of the House of Representatives? 25
Federalism sharing of power between the federal and state governments
Federalist individuals who believed in a strong central government and supported the Constitution
Anti-federalist individuals that opposed ratification of the Constitution, supported a weka central government and wanted a Bill of Rights
powers written in the Constitution; these powers are for the federal government. Expressed Powers
powers not expressly stated in the Constitution. In the Constitution, these powers of Congress come from the Necessary and Proper Clause. Implied Powers
this clause says that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land Supremacy Clause
powers shared by the state and federal government Concurrent Power
powers reserved for the states. Reserved Powers
representative delegate
list the four parts of the Constitution in the order they appear in the document: 1.Preamble 2. Articles 3. Bill of Rights 4. Amendments
How old do you have to be to become President? 35
How long do you have to be a U.S. citizen to be a Representative in the House of Representatives? 7 years
How long do you have to be a U.S. citizen to be a Senator? 9 years
How old do you have to be to be appointed to the Supreme Court? no age requirement
How long do you have to be a U.S. citizen to become President? natural born citizen
How long is a term for a President? 4 years - can serve two terms (8 years)
How long is a term for Senator? 6 years - unlimited terms
How long is a term for a member of the House of Representatives? 2 years - unlimited terms
How long is a term for Supreme Court Justice? Life
How many Senators are there? 100
How many Senators does each state have? 2
How many House of Representatives members are there? 435
How many chief executives are there? 1 - the President
How is the number of Representatives in the House of Representatives determined? a state's population
How is the number of Senators determined? equality - each state gets two
Prints money Legislative Branch
Enforces the laws Executive Branch
Decides what a law means Judicial Branch
Declares war Legislative Branch
Includes the President, Vice President, and the Cabinet Executive Branch
Makes treaties with other countries Executive Branch
Can declare laws unconstitutional Judicial Branch
Selected by the Electoral College Executive Branch
Appoints Supreme Court Justice Executive Branch
Approves presidential appointments Legislative Branch
Makes the State of the Union address each year Executive Branch
Collects taxes Legislative Branch
This allowed slave states to include some slaves in their population in exchange for paying additional taxes 3/ 5 Compromise
This decided that congress would not discuss the issue of slavery for at least 20 more years. Slave Trade Compromise
The big states preferred this because representation was based on population. Virginia Plan
Small states preferred this because representation was equal for each state New Jersey
Created by: Roadrunner#1
 

 



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