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Connective Tissue

Human Anatomy - Supporting Connective Tissue - Cartilage + Bone

QuestionAnswer
hyaline cartilage - structure structure - glassy-appearing matrix; lacunae house chondrocytes; tissue usually covered by perichondrium
fibrocartilage - structure structure - readily visible, parallel collagen fibers in matrix; lacunae house chondrocytes; no perichondrium
elastic cartilage - structure structure - contains abundant elastic fibers; elastic fibers form weblike mesh around lacunae; perichondrium present
hyaline cartilage - function function - smooth surface for movement at joints; model for bone growth; supports soft tissue
fibrocartilage - function function - resists compression; absorbs shock in some joints
elastic cartilage - function function - maintains structure and shape while permitting extensive flexibility
hyaline cartilage - location location - most of fetal skeleton; covers articular ends of long bones; costal cartilage; larynx, trachea, nose
fibrocartilage - location location - intervertrebral discs; pubic symphysis; menisci of knee joints
elastic cartilage - location location - external ear, epiglottis of larynx
compact bone - structure structure - calcified matrix arranged in osteons (concentric lamellae arranged around a central canal containing blood vessels)
spongy bone - structure structure - lacks organization of compact bone; contains macroscopic spaces; arranged in a meshwork pattern
compact bone - function function - supports soft structures; protects vital organs; provides levers for movement; stores calcium and phosphorus
spongy bone - function function - supports soft structures; protects vital organs; provides levers for movement; stores calcium and phosphorus; site of hemopoiesis
compact bone - location location - bones of body
spongy bone - location location - bones of body
Created by: allerlei