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Clep Humamities

Ballad Narrative poem consisting of 4 lines stanzas with alternating rhymes.
Folk Ballads Were handed down from generation to generation and were orginally sung.
Keats example of ballad poem La Balle Dame sans Merci
Damatic monologue Form of daramatic poetry in which only a single character speaks, gradually revealing her/his own dramatic sistuation
T. S. Eliot's example of damatic monologue The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Elegy Names fro, the Greek work for "lament," elegies are lyric poems on the subject of death.
epic Long narrative poem whose subject is of major importance.
Homer's epics Iliad and Odyssey
Hymm Lyric poem in prise of God or by extension anything of great value.
Limerick A humorous poem of five lines- 1st , 2nd, and 5th rhyme, while the shorter 3rd and 4th lines have a different rhyme
ode Lyric poem of irregular form, often used to express deep personal feelings.
Keats's explam of an ode Ode to a Nightingale
Romance Long narrative poem bases on legend
Sonnet Lyric poem of 14 lines
Meter units of a line of poetry are syllabic groups called feet; the number of feet gives the meter its name.
tetrameter one of the most common meters in English consists of four feet
pentameter Another very common English meter, so named because it consists of five feet.
Hexameter six feet
Spenser's example of a hexameter The Faerie Queene
Monometer one foot
Dimeter two feet
Trimeter three feet
Mixed Meter alternate lines of one meter with lines of at least one other meter.
Coleridge's example of a mixed meter poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Rhythm The placement of a stressed syllable in a foot determines it's rhythm and gives the foot its name
iambic the most common foot in the English language, unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one as in the word a-bove
anapestic if a foot consists of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one
trochaic a stressed syllable followed by a single unstressed one: hu-mor
dactylic If a foot consists of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones
pyrrhic foot two unstressed syllables will come together in a single foot
spondee two stressed syllables can come together in a single foot
soliloquy extended speech by a character alone on the stage, in which he oftens reveals truths not admitted in the presence of other characters
Fable grief story,often featuring animals as characters, intended to illustrate a moral lesson
Folk tale anonymous story tied to a single cultural groug and handed down orally before being recorded in writing.
Joel Chandler Harris example of a folk tale tales from Uncle Remus
Tale short story slightly unrealistic in character and events and related to the longer prosed romance
Nathaniel Howthorne's example of a tale Twice-told tales
Herman Melville's example of a tale Piazza Tales
Novel fictional story of consideralbe length written in prose
Novella short novel,a distinction measured by the scope ofhte work as well as by the number of pages
picaresque novel-length story consisting of many individual episodes
Acropolis is a rock outcropping where the Greeks would place a building.
Bildungroman A german term meaning "formation novel" used to describe novels about an adolescent's initiation into adulthood
Parthenon is a great example of Greek architecture.
Proscenium type of stage
Romans used Proscenium the space in front of the stage
The Chorus foretells the future, explains the past, philosophizes and is an additional character.
Oracle who was a “prophet” who could foretell the future.
Morality play: the hero was the normal man. Church was a dominant theme.
roman a clef A novel in which actual person are described under ficitious names
Zeus was ruler of the Gods, the most powerful, but he is tricky and a cheater.
Apollo is one of two twins, and the God of Shepherds and Muses
Dionysus is the God of wine and fertility.
Poseidon is a bearded God with a trident. He is God of the sea.
Prometheus stole fire and gave it to man. As his punishment, was chained to a rock.
Polytheistic is what it is called when you worship multiple gods.
Pantheism is when people worship gods of nature.
Mercury is the God of Speed. He had wings on his helmet and heels.
Gorgons is the name for Medusa or any monster that has snakes for hair. Medusa’s stare can turn people to stone
amphora is a vase with two handles and a narrow neck.
centaur is a creature whose top half was a man and the bottom half a horse.
minotaur is a creature whose head and shoulders are of a bull with the body of a man with cloven hooves
Stoicism They believed that emotions came from illogical reasoning.
Epicureanis pleasure is a virtue, like honesty. But they also believed in moderation in all things.
Andrew Wyeth painted “Christina’s World”
DADA school was a school of nonsense and anti art.
Miro was a surrealist painter.
Salvador Dali was a surrealist.
Remington was an artist that painted the scenes of the American West.
Aubrey Beardsley made drawings in black and white.
Gilbert Stuart Went to study portraits. Made many of George Washington.
Picasso was an abstract artist. He was a cubist. He liked to show multiple facets of a subject.
Guernica representing a town after a terrorist bomb killed 23 people by Picasso
Seurat was an artist who used pointillism, which is using small dots of color to make a big picture.
Renoir was famous for his French female nude paintings.
Neo-classic Period artists studied the techniques of the past so they could steal it.
French female pose is when the subject is lying down away from the artist and look back over the shoulder.
Delacroix was a precise, French painter.
Monet was a French painter who was famous for his work with light, color and water.
Degas was a French painter and sculptor.
Vermeer painted people doing everyday things. He was Dutch and used a lot of light.
Fresco is a painting on a moist layer of plaster.
Tempera is finely ground pigments with a stabilizing base.
Gouche is opaque water color.
Giotto painted frescoes and was an architect.
Annunciation is the name of the event of the Angel appearing to Mary to tell her of her divine role as Jesus’ mother.
Pieta the name of any sculpture where Mary is holding Jesus.
Donatello is a sculptor who worked in bronze.
Renaissance means resurrection of a dead culture or rebirth.
Da Vinci painted “The Virgin of the Rocks,” “The Last Supper,” and “Mona Lisa.”
Michelangelo painted the Sistine chapel ceiling.
Mannerism is a style of art and architecture. They rejected perfection in their works.
El Greco was a Spanish mannerism painter.
Rembrandt used light in his paintings and painted “The Blinding of Samson.”
Peter Paul Rubens was a Flemish painter. He had parts done by assistants.
Frank Lloyd Wright was an architect.He believed in “form with feeling.”
Le Corbusier was a French 20th century architect.
Mies van der Rohe was a German architect.
Flying buttress is a support on the outside of the building.
Christopher Wren is the architect that redid St. Paul’s Cathedral.
Andrea Palladio was an architect that liked a statue at every corner of the building.
Henry Moore is a sculptor who uses rounded sculpture and not a lot of detail.
Constantin Brancusi sculpted The Kiss-His art appears almost like African art.
Barbara Hepworth abstract sculptor.
Louis Nevelson Sculptor who specialized in wood. He created the piece “Black Chord”.
Alexander Calder was a sculpture who invented the mobile.
obelisk is a tall four-sided shaft of stone.
Hagia Sophia is an Eastern Church, where parts are made by interlocking domes
Pop art is commercial art raised up to an art form.
Andy Warhol framed a picture of the Campbell’s Soup Can.
Mosaics originated with the Byzantine. Tesserae are what the small square pieces are called.
Josiah Wedgewood An English artist who was famous for his Neo-classic blue containers with white figures.
Reliquary is a wooded box or chest used for storing holy things. Painted symbols on the outside.
Chalice is a cup with a large base.
Sculpture is a three-dimensional art form.
Lillian Gish was the first female director.
Penny Marshall is a female modern director whose work includes “Big,” and “Jumping Jack Flash.”
Thomas Edison created two motion pictures called “The Sneeze” and “The Kiss.”
D.W. Griffith created the movie “Birth of a Nation.”
Alfred Hitchcock was a famous movie producer who became known for thrillers.
Federico Fellini was an Italian film director. He created “La Dolce Vita” and “Fellini Satyricon.”
In 1927, Al Jolson stared in The Jazz Singer which had synchronized sound recordings.
Eisenstein used new techniques to switch from scene to scene. He created a montage, which could be rapid scenes around a theme.
Ballet is a form of dance that was originally based on court dance.
Serge Diaghilev opened the Ballet Russe, a school for dance.
Martha Graham was a famous ballet dancer. She is remembered as the “mother of dance"
Madrigal are a’capella singers
Bel canto beautiful singing (Italian)
Libretto is the text of the opera
Oratorio is a musical piece for vocals and instruments
Sitar is a guitar-like instrument from India.
Allegro fast
Andante slow
Presto Fast
Minuetto a dance
Stravinsky composed “The Rite of Spring.”
Henry Dixon Cowell was a 20th Century American composer.
Beethoven and Wagner were inspired by Schiller’s poem “Ode to Joy.”
Verdi and Puccini wrote operas.
Tchaikovsky composed the “1812 Overture” and “The Nutcracker.”
Chopin was a pianist, sometimes called the “poet of the piano.”
Stephen Foster wrote “Camptown Races” and over 150 other songs.
Johannes Brahms was a Romantic composer.
Claude Debussy was an impressionistic composer.
Gilbert and Sullivan wrote and composed musical theatre including Pirates of Penzance, and Mikado.
Aaron Copeland composed romantic music, including “Appalachian Spring.”
Scott Joplin composed ragtime music and “The Entertainer.”
Jazz originated in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Count Basie and Louis Armstrong both played the trumpet.
John Coltrane played the sax.
Lionel Hampton played the xylophone and marimba.
Andre Previn is a composer, conductor and pianist.
Handel composed the oratorio the “Messiah.”
The Pavane and the Polonaise are both court dances.
Mozart and Richard Strauss both wrote music based on Don Juan.
Hector Berlioz composed “Symphonie Fantastique.”
The story of Abraham and his son Isaac is one of sacrifice and obedience.
According to the Bible, man’s first disobedience was eating the fruit in Eden.
Bhagavad-Gita is a Hindu religion.
Atman is name for the mortal soul of every creature, including plants and animals.
Nirvana, part of Buddhist philosophy is the ultimate glory of the soul.
Oglala Sioux is wise man.
Gandhi promoted non-violence.
The Gothic age was the age of faith.
Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote “Summa Theologica.”
Edvart Greig was Norwegian composed a musical titled “Peer Gynt.”
Arnold Schoenberg invented a twelve-tone system of composing music, known as atonal music.
Torah is Jewish scripture.
Koran is Islam scripture.
Book of Revelation is the last book in the Bible.
The phrase “And the walls came tumbling down” is from Gideon and Jericho.
First Position The balls of the feet are turned out completely. The heels touch each other and the feet face outward, trying to form a straight line.
second Position The balls of both feet are turned out completely, with the heels separated by the length of one foot. Similar to first position, but the feet are spread apart
third position One foot is in front of the other with the of the front foot touching the middle of the back foot.
Fourth Position The feet are placed the same as third position, but one step apart
Fifth Position With both feet touching, the toes of each foot reaches the heel of the other
Created by: cbattery



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