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Remittances Money migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer countries.
Cyclic movements Movement-for example, nomadic migration-that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally.
Activity spaces The space within which daily activity occurs.
Nomadism Movement among definite set of places-often cyclic movement.
Periodic movements Movement-for example, college attendance or military service-that involves temporary, recurrent relocation.
Migrant labor A common type of periodic movement involving millions of workers in the United States and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross international borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances.
Transhumance A seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures.
Military service Another common form of periodic movement involving as many as 10 million US citizens in a given year, including military personnel and their families, who are moved to new locations where they will spend tours of duty lasting up to several years.
Migration A change in residence intended to be permanent.
International migration Human movement involving movement across international boundaries.
Internal migration Human movement within a nation-state, such as ongoing westward and southward movements in the US.
Voluntary migration in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity, not because they are forced to move.
Law of migration developed by British demographer Ernest Ravenstein; five laws predict the flow of migrants.
Gravity model A mathematical prediction of the interaction of places, the interaction being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them.
Distance decay the effects of distances on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction.
Step migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby villages and later to town and city.
Intervening opportunity the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
Kinship links Types of push factors or pull factors that influence a migrant’s decision to go where family or friends have already found success.
Chain migration Pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links (ways of communications).
Immigration wave phenomena whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create swell in migration from one origin to the same destination.
Chain migration Pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links (ways of communications).
Explorers A person examining a region that is unknown to them.
Colonization physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land.
Guest workers legal immigrant who has a work visa, usually short term.
Refugees people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country.
Internal refugees people who have been displaced within their own countries and do not cross international borders as they flee.
International refugees refugees who have crossed one or more international boundaries during their dislocation, searching for asylum in a different country.
Asylum shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another state.
Immigration laws laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state.
Quotas established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country a year.
Selective immigration process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from immigrating.
Activity spaces The space within which daily activity occurs.
Created by: bner1801
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