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Social Studies Vocab

Chapter 3

astrolabe an instrument formerly used to calculate one's position compared to the sun, moon, and stars
claim to declare that a person or a country owns something
conquistador any of the Spanish conquerors in the Americas during the early 1500s
cartographer a person who makes maps
compass an instrument used to find direction
caravel a ship that used square or triangular sails to travel long distances swiftly
desertion leaving one's duties, such as military service, without permission
demarcation a line that marks a boundary
estuary the wide mouth of a river where ocean tides flow in
empire the conquered lands of many people and places governed by one ruler
grant a sum of money or other payment given for a particular reason
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas
monarch a king or queem
mutiny rebellion against the leader of one's group
Northwest Passage a nonexistent waterway in North America thought to connect the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Renaissance a French word meaning "rebirth" used to name a time of advances in thought, learning, art, and science
treaty an agreement between nations about peace, trade, or other matters
navigation the method of planning and controlling the course of a ship
Created by: amygor34



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