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Middle Colonies

The Middle Colonies "The Breadbasket Colonies" Made of a diverse group of settlers. A place of growth and prosperity.
Cash Crop Crops grown to be sold
Conestoga Wagon horse drawn wagon used to get goods to markets.
Patroon rents their land to the colony so they can earn money from cash crops and taxes Landowner in the Dutch colonies who received rent, taxes, and labor from tenant farmers.
Apprentice A person who shadows someone’s job for a certain amount of time, until they have that job.
Frontier outer limits of the colony, causes problems and issues.
New York (New Netherland) Reasons founded: expand trade Industry: Cattle & grain, Lumber and timber, ironworks Terms: Patroon, Proprietary Colony A Dutch colony They were tolerant of different religions
Proprietary Colony A colony given to an individual by the King of England
Delaware (New Sweden) Reasons Founded: Expand trade Industry: Tobacco, Shipbuilding Government: Was taken over by New Netherland, later helped out landlocked Pennsylvania. Stuyvesant took over this colony and made it part of New Netherland
New Jersey Reasons founded: Profit from selling land. New York too large. Divided up into East and West at one point. Industry: Cattle & grain, Ironworks The Duke gave land to John Berkeley and George Carteret East West developed separately a royal colony
Royal Colony A colony under control of the English King
Pennsylvania Reasons founded: Religious freedom, profit from selling land Industry: cattle & grain, fir, lumber & timber, ironworks Religion: Quakers, EVERYONE equal Quakers believed that all people, wealthy or poor, were in the sight of God
Pennsylvania Government: Refused to pay taxes or serve in army, 1701 Charter of Privileges (constitution), self government, a governor an assembly William Penn founded a colony as home to his religious community, the Quakers.
Pennsylvania Penn’s plans of government were based on religious freedom and popular support of the government They treated Native Americans fairly
Pacifists A person who believes that violence and war are unjustifiable.
Henry Hudson Henry Hudson was searching for the Northwest Passage
Peter Minuit Peter Minuit was the governor of the colony and he paid the Natives for the island
Peter Stuyvesant Peter Stuyvesant was the Dutch governor of New Netherland and he seized the colony and made it part of New Netherland
James Duke of York The Duke of York gave some of his land to John Berkeley and George Carteret They received a grant from James, Duke of York
William Penn William Penn founded a colony as home to his religious community, the Quakers.
Created by: sgoreja44
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