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Ch. 4 Section 3

Important people, events and places

British & French Rivalries Both wanted control of the lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. British settler moved into Ohio Valley and the French did not want to share trade.French said they owned the land. French attacked NY and Maine. Settlers attacked Louisbourg.
First Political Cartoon In 1754 Benjamin Franklin created the first political cartoon. It represented that the colonies needed to unite against the French or die.
George Washington He was a surveyor that went to tell the French that they were trespassing on British land in the Ohio Country. The French ignore him. Washington then took 150 men and built Ft. Necessity and attacked the French. He lost but became famous as a hero.
Albany Plan of Union This called for a united colonial government. None of the assemblies passed it because they did not want to give up the power they had. Because it failed, there was a full-scale war.
The Enlightenment It was a time period of science and reason. Newton believed natural laws could govern politics, economics, justice, religion, and arts. Locke believed people were born with a blank mind and knowledge was derived from environment, not reason or faith.
The Philosphes These were a group of thinkers who believed in reason, liberty, natural law, progress, and human happiness. They believed in applying reason and rational criticism to all things.They focused on the world and life, not the afterlife.
The 5 Ideals of the Philosophes Reason-approach everything in a reasonable manner, Nature-natural things are best for society, Happiness-live by natural laws and you'll be happy, Progress-society improves by using reason and scientific method, and Liberty-people have rights and liberty.
Created by: mshellabarger