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U.S. History B Final

QuestionAnswer
Holocaust German Nazi's systematic murder of six million Jews
Great Migration During and after World War One, African-Americans moved from rural areas in the South to urban areas in the North for economic opportunities
Freedmen's Bureau organization that supplied former slaves with food, clothing, medicine, and other supplies. built schools to educate former slaves
sharecropping former slaves worked for their former owners doing what they knew how to in exchange for a place to live, food, clothing, and a small amount of money
Jim Crow Laws created to discriminate against African Americans by having "Seperate but Equal" schools, movie theatres, resturants, buses and trains
Cold War The uneasy peace after world War Two, marked by an intense rivalry between the US and USSR; included an arms race and space race
Panama Canal a quicker shipping route from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean that saved money and time
immigrant someone who enters another country to live
Tet Offensive he January 1968 attack by the Vietcong and north Vietnamese on more than more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam; turning point of the war
Lusitania British ship that was sunk by German U-Boats with 128 Americans onboard
Treaty of Versailles signed by the Germans after World War I, stated that they had to payback for damages, not build an army, and say they where sorry for the damage they caused
Harlem Renaissance a celebration of African American culture in the 1920's
Stock Market Crash 1929, when the value of stocks crashed causing a worldwide depression
Dust Bowl an area of dry land in the Texas Panhandle where nothing would grow due to a drought, over farming, and poor soil
Pearl Harbor Surprise attack by the Japanese, immediate cause of US entering World War Two, Dec. 7, 1941
Iwo Jima a small island in the Pacific Ocean that America caputred making it easy to attack Japan
D-Day the Invasion of Normandy, largest sea to land invasion in the history of World War II
VE-Day Victory over Europe Day, signalled the end of WWII in Europe
VJ-Day Victory over Japan Day, signalled the end of WWII in Japan
Holocaust mass killings of Jews by the Germans under Hitler's plan to create a "Master Race"
rationing going without so that the soldiers could have what they needed
communism a form of government in which the government has full control over the people
"Iron Curtain" Created by Winston Churchill to describe the imaginary line between COMMUNISM and DEMOCRACY in Europe
Brown versus Education court case that took the school board of Topeka, Kansas to court to DESEGREGATE PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Montgomery Bus Boycott year long boycott of Montgomery, Alabama buses by Africian Americans after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a city bus
March on Washington Civil Rights march in Washington, D.C. where MLK, Jr. made his famous "I have a Dream" speech
Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it against the law to discriminate in public places (schools, hotels, resturants)
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 made it against the law to make someone take a reading test or pay a tax to vote in an election
television changed the way we get our news, live action
computers allow us to live in a global economy and stay connected with others
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 JFK and Khrushchev faced off over Soviet missiles in Cuba; very tense time, brought world very close to war
Manhattan Project Name of the secret project to build the atomic bomb
Created by: weakstick
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