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FLVS Fr 3 Lesson 5

La gastronomie

QuestionAnswer
l’art de la table (masculine) the art of setting the table
l’art culinaire (masculine) cooking art
cuisiner to cook
cuire to bake , to cook
le petit déjeuner (France)= le p'tit dej (slang) breakfast
le déjeuner lunch
le gouter = un encas = un snack mid-afternoon snack
le diner = le souper dinner, supper
manger eat
boire drink
prendre (son temps) en mangeant to take time eating slowly
« Il faut manger pour vivre et non vivre pour manger » (French proverb) Eat to live and don’t live to eat !
avoir de bonne mainères à table= bien se tenir à table to have good table manners
Tiens-toi bien à table ! Watch your table manners !
Essuie-toi la bouche! Wipe your mouth!
Ferme la bouche quand tu manges ! Eat with your mouth closed !
avoir les yeux plus grands que le ventre to bite off more than you can chew.
avoir une faim de loup( masculine= wolf) to be famished
mourir de faim to starve
un bon vin, une grande cuvee a good wine, a great year
une piquette= un muavais vin bon marché= a cheap bad wine
gouter to taste, or to have an afternoon snack at 4pm.
égouter to drain
congeler – to freeze to freese
remplir – to fill (up) to fill
secouer – to shake to shake
de la farine – flour flour
de l’huile (feminine) l oil
de la moutarde mustard
de la mayonnaise mayo
du sel et du poivre salt and pepper
ajouter des épices=épicer = assaisonner to add spices
de l’ agneau (some) lamb
du veau – calf meat, veal (some) veal
du boeuf – beef beef
du porc – porc porc
la dinde – turkey turkey
le yaourt, le yogurt yogurt
un biscuit, un petit gateau, un petit four – cookie a cookie
de la confiture (some) jam
affiné aged
artisanal homemade, traditionally made
à la broche cooked on a skewer
à la vapeur steamed
à l'étouffée= en ratatouille stewed
au four baked
la nourriture biologique, bio organicfood
bouilli boiled
brûlé burnt
coupé en dés diced
coupé en tranches / rondelles sliced
en croûte in a crust
en daube in stew, casserole
en gelée in aspic/gelatin
farci stuffed
fondu melted
frit fried
fumé smoked
glacé frozen, icy, glazed
grillé grilled
haché minced, ground (meat), chopped
(fait) maison homemade, in
poêlé pan
relevé highly seasoned, spicy
séché dried
truffé with truffles
truffé de ___ = parsemé de dotted/speckled with ___
Ça a mauvais><bon gout! It tastes bed, good
aigre sour
amer bitter
piquant spicy
salé salty, savory
sucré sweet(ened)
une portion portion
un ingredient ingredient
une apparence du plat appearance
aiguillettes long, thin slices (of meat)
aile wing, white meat
les aromates seasoning
à volonté (e.g., frites à volonté) all
la choucroute sauerkraut
des crudites ( feminine) raw vegetables
la cuisse – leg leg, thigh
la cuisse de grenouille frog leg
émincer to cut thin slices (of meat)
les fines herbes(feminine) sweet herbs
un méli-mélo= = un assortiment de mets variés a food assortment
un morceau piece
au pistou with basil pesto
à l’aïoli in a garlig butter
une poêlée de ___ assorted fried ___
la purée mashed potatoes
une rondelle slice (of fruit, vegetable, sausage)
une tranche slice (of bread, cake, meat)
une truffe truffle (very expensive and rare fungus that grows under oak trees)
un ouvre-boîte can opener
un ouvre- bouteille bottle opener
un presse purée potato masher
une spatule spatula
une casserole pan, pot
une poêle frying pan
un poêlon small boiling pot
un micro - onde microwave
manger sainement= manger équilibré to eat healthy
Tu me donnes faim! You make me hungry!
Qu'est ce qu'il y a comme dessert? What 's for dessert?
la soupe, le potage soup