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Deism The belief in a god who created the universe but has since remained indifferent.
Absolutism •the form of government in which the ruler is not restricted by a constitution or laws
King Louis XIV •King of France in 1600s and 1700s
Divine Right of Kings •The king’s authority came directly from God, and was therefore divine
Restoration the re-establishment of the monarchy in England in 1660 under Charles II
Philosophe •member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods of science to the improvements of society
English Civil War •The military clash between forces loyal to King Charles I and the forces of Parliament that overthrew the monarchy
Parliament The law making body in England that had been advising the monarchy since the 1200s
Constitutional monarchy The powers of the king or queen are restricted to those granted under the constitution and laws of the nation
Enlightenment •a period from the late 1600s to the late 1700s in Europe, in which people changed their outlook on life
Glorious Revolution •The bloodless overthrow of James II in England by William and Mary in 1688
Salon •an informal gathering of artists, writers, and philosophers
Social contract •an agreement by which people define and limit their natural rights, thus creating an organized government/society
Age of reason Time during the 1700s when Enlightenment ideas were the leading ideas in Europe
John Locke An English philosopher that said natural laws govern human behavior and government should be based on these natural laws
Natural Rights •Rights that belonged to all human beings from birth – right to life, liberty, and own property
Jean Jacques Rousseau •Wrote The Social Contract and argued that governments should express the will of the people and put few limits on people’s behavior
Baron de Montesquieu •A French aristocrat and lawyer who thought that separating the powers of government would guard against one part of government from becoming too powerful
Thomas Hobbes Argued in his book, Leviathan, that the best government was one in which the ruler had absolute power
House of Stuart •A series of English monarchs that ruled England, Scotland & Ireland since the 1200s
Oliver Cromwell A skilled general who led the military forces of Parliament against King Charles I
Created by: Connor1212