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HIST 11 UNIT 2 TEST

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian History 11 Unit 2 Test Flashcards 2017

QuestionAnswer
What was the key factor in why the U.S. industrialized quickly? The American free enterprise system based on private property rights.
How did Americans react to the U.S.expanding rapidly? They sought new ways to connect the distant regions of the country. (SQR2)
What spread the Southern economy? Cotton Plantations.
Who was a prominent leader of the anti - slave movement? Frederick Douglas
What are "labor unions"? Groups of workers who try to pass rules for better working conditions and member benefits. (SQR2; Dylan & Kiley)
What is the "Spoils System"? The practice of appointing people to government jobs based on party loyalty and support. (SQR2; Loren & Bethany)
What did the Missouri Compromise do? Temporarily settled dispute over the westward expansion of slavery.
What law did Daniel Boone violate by leading settlers through the Cumberland Gap? He violated the Proclamation Line of 1763. ("America: The Story of US - Westward" video notes.)
Complete the following sentence: "President Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from _________________." France. ("America: The Story of US - Westward" video notes.)
According to the video "America: The Story of US - Westward", how was gold created in California? This was created when volcanic magma came in contact with quartz. ("America: The Story of US - Westward" video notes.)
What does the term "impressment" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the kidnapping of sailors to serve in the British Navy". (Pg. 83)
What does the term "judicial review" mean/ refer to? This refers to "the power to decide whether laws are constitutional and to strike down those that are not". (Pg. 83)
What are "enumerated powers"? These are "powers specifically mentioned in the Constitution". (Pg. 79)
What are "implied powers"? These are "powers not explicitly listed in the Constitution". (Pg. 79)
What is the Bill of Rights? This is the name given to the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution. (Pg. 78)
What does the term "popular sovereignty" mean/ refer to? This term means "rule by the people". It relates to the idea that government representatives speak for the people who voted them into office. (Pg. 37)
What does the term "federalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the division of power between the state and federal governments. (Pg. 37)
Which social group belonged to the Federalist political party? Large landowners belonged to this political party. (Pg. 39)
Which social group belonged to the Anti-Federalist political party? "Western farmers living far from the coast" made up this political party. (Pg. 39)
Why did people from Ireland immigrate to the Colonies? This group of people immigrated to the Colonies due to the "potato blight" that gripped their country. (SQR2)
List two (2) things that "slave codes" did. 1.) Forbade slaves from owning property; 2.) Forbade slaves from leaving a slave holder's premises without permission. (SQR2)
What was the result of the Kansas - Nebraska Act? The result of this was that Kansas was admitted to the Union as a slave state and Nebraska was admitted as a free state. (Pg. 111)
What was the outcome of the Compromise of 1850? The outcome of this was that California would be admitted as a free state, the rest of the Mexican cessation would have no slavery restrictions, and Congress would pass stronger laws relating to runaway slaves. (Pg. 109)
What does the term "secession" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the act of "taking a state out of the Union" just before the Civil War began. (Pg. 109)
What was the "underground railroad"? This was an informal, well - organized network of abolitionists who helped runaway slaves escape to the North. (Pg. 110)
Who was Harriet Tubman? She was a "conductor" on the underground railroad who helped escaped slaves flee to Northern states. (Pg. 110)
What did the Supreme Court rule in the "Dred Scott vs. Sandford" case? In this case, the Supreme Court said that ". . . because, he claimed, African Americans were not citizens & could not sue . . ." in any U.S. court. (Pg. 113)
What was Dred Scott suing Sandford for in the case "Dred Scott vs. Sandford"? He was suing to gain his freedom. (Pg. 113)
What was "Crittenden's Compromise"? This was when Kentucky senator John Crittenden proposed these Constitutional Amendments: 1.) Slavery would be allowed where it already existed; 2.) The Missouri Compromise would be reinstated; 3.) No slavery north of the Missouri Compromise line. Pg. 124
What does the term "confederacy" mean/ refer to where the Civil War is concerned? This term was part of the name the Southern states chose after they decided to leave the Union. They named themselves the Confederate States of America. (Pg. 125)
What was Fort Sumter? This was the place where the first shots of the Civil War were fired. It is a fort in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. (Pg. 125)
What does the term "martial law" mean/ refer to? This term means "military rule". (Pg. 126)
What does the term "habeas corpus" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a court order that requires the government to charge an imprisoned person with a crime or let the person go free". (Pg. 128)
What does the term "attrition" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the wearing down of one side (usually during a war) by the other through exhaustion of soldiers and resources". (Pg. 129)
From the start of the Civil War, how was the North able to gain such a large economic advantage over the South? Most factories were in the North. Because of this, they were able to make the weapons and other supplies they needed to win the war and to provide for the needs of Northern citizens. (Pg. 126)
Which state was the first to leave the Union before the Civil War? South Carolina was the first to leave the Union. (Pg. 124)
Which states left the Union after South Carolina? Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. (Pg. 124)
Why did John Brown attack the federal weapons arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia? He did this to try to get access to the weapons so he could arm the people from the local area and start an anti-slavery rebellion. (Pg. 113)
What does the term "Manifest Destiny" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that it was America's "destiny" that we should expand our nation from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast (in California). (Pg. 104)
What does the term "emancipation" mean/ refer to? This term means "freeing". It usually relates to the "freeing" of enslaved African Americans beginning in the 1830's. (Pg. 102)
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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