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Study Stack 2015

QuestionAnswer
Trade Routes any route usually taken by merchant ships, caravans, etc.
Muhammad the prophet of Islam, who was revealed the knowledge of the Qur'an
Makkah The birthplace of Muhammad, the location of the Ka'ba, and the holiest city in Islam
Prophet A messenger of God
Muslims A person whose faith is Islam
Qur'an The scared text of Islam
Ka'ba A house of worship
Khadijah A widow who ran a trading business
Monotheism Belief in one single God
Polytheism person who believes in more than one God
Night Journey the journey in which Muhammad was carried from Mecca to Jerusalem and ascended into heaven.
People of the Book are adherents of Abrahamic religions that predate Islam
Five Pillars of Faith A summary of the basic beliefs of Islam
Social scientist a science or field of study, as history, economics, etc., dealing with an aspect of society or forms of social activity.
Historian
Archaeology The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and other physical remains
Anthropology The study of human culture, past and present
Psychologist
Primary source
Secondary source
Characteristics of civilization
Cultural Diffusion The spread of culture
Islam The religious faith of Muslims
Civilization
Human Development The scientific of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception until death
Abram
Egypt
Holy Trinity
Hebrews
Agriculture The business of farming
Stable Food Supply
Innovation An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something
Invention A new product, system , or process that has never existed before, created by study, and experimentation
Religion
Israelite's
Jews
Social Structure People organizing into different groups, such as a families clans, or ranks, such as classes. Typically based on wealth, ancestry, or jobs
Government
Technology One of the characteristics of a highly civilized society that is the use of tools and other inventions for practical purposes. The Sumerian's most important invention was the wheel.
Art
System of Writing A means of keeping records of communicating
Canals
City-States A city that with it's surrounding territory forms an independent state
Egyptians A native of ancient or modern Egypt, or a person of Egyptian descendant
Cuneiform
Hieroglyphics System of writing in ancient Egypt
Nile River Valley River Valley in Ancient Egypt
River Valley
Apostles/ Disciples
Sumerians The people of Sumer, in Mesopotamia
Theocracy A government that is lead by a religious leader
Tigris- Euphrates River Valley River Valley in Mesopotamia
Trade/Commerce Exchange of goods
Bible
Torah
Resurrection
Kosher
Messiah
Christianity
Crucifixion
Greatest Commandment
Yahweh
Parables
Judaism
Abraham
Moses
Jesus
Mesopotamia A region
10 Commandments
Gospels
Diaspora
Ka'ba The shrine in Makkah that Muslims believe was made by the prophet Abraham
Sunnah The examples taught by Muhammad on how to practice the teachings of Islam
Mosques
Jihad A struggle, either externally, against oppression and evil
Shari'ah Islamic law that developed over time to account for new situations
Pilgrimage
Caliph The title of the religious leaders who succeeded Muhammad
Shahadah The proclamation of faith, in which a Muslim proclaims that there is only one God, called the Allah, and that Muhammad is his messenger.
Zakat Alms giving;the donation of 2.5% of a Muslim's income to charity
Salat Daily ritual prayer that occurs five times a daily, facing Makkah
Siyam Fasting during the month of Ramadan
Hajj The pilgrimage to Makkah
External Jihad The external struggle against oppression
Internal Jihad The internal struggle with evil
Imam A prayer leader
Pharaoh The leader of ancient Egypt that was viewed as both a king and a god
Prehistory The period of time before written records
Millennium A period of a thousand years, especially when calculated from the traditional date of the birth of Christ
Century A period of one hundred years
Brahman
Buddha A Sanskrit word meaning “enlightened”; the name given to the man who founded Buddhism
Buddhism the religion founded by Siddhartha, which teaches that life brings suff ering that one can escape by seeking nirvana through enlightenment
Caste System A class, or group, in Hindu Society
Dharma A belief found in Hinduism and other Indian traditions that a person has a duty or obligation to live an honorable life
Eight Fold Path a key idea of Buddhism whereby followers should live their lives according to these eight teachings
Enlightenment Flip card enlightenmentthe state of gaining spiritual insight and finding universal truth; the goal of Buddhists
Four Noble Truths the four basic doctrines, or principles, of Buddhism
Hindu
Hinduism Hinduisma religion that developed in India over many centuries; it traces its roots to older traditions, such as Vedic beliefs and Brahmanism
Karma A belief found in Hinduism and other Indian traditions that the good and evil done in a past life determines the nature of that person’s next life
Polytheism
Ashoka
Dalits
Deities
Diffusion
Epic Poems
Ganges River
Hymns
India
Indus River Valley
Meditation
Moksha
Nepal
Nirvana An ideal state of happiness and peace
Siddhartha Gautama
Pantheon
Pilgrimages A journey to a holy place
Priests
Sanskrit An ancient Indian language
Nontheism
Aryans
Ascetic A person who gives up worldly pleasure
Reincarnation The belief that a person’s soul is reborn into a new body aft er death
Historical Origin
Central Beliefs
Diffusion
Vedas A collection of ancient writings viewed as sacred by many Hindus
The Middle Path
Movement
Matrilineal
Desert (Sahara)
Middleman
Silent Bartering
Wangara
Ghana
Deposit
Climate
West Africa
Natural Resources
Supply and Demand
Trans- Saharan Trade
Taxes
Niger River
Market Economy
Economy
Taghaza
Monarchy
Created by: esalwin519
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