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Social studies 2015

QuestionAnswer
social science a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Historian an expert in or student of history, especially that of a particular period
Founder of Islam Muhammad
Islam the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad
Prophet a person who speaks for God
civilization of Islam. Arab merchant called Muhammad founded a new religion called Islam. His teachings inspired the Arab peoples
koran the Quran is the central religious text of Islam
mecca Mecca, is Islam’s holiest city, as it’s the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad
Ka'ba small, cubical building in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Mecca containing a sacred black stone: regarded by Muslims as the House of God and the objective of their pilgrimages.
Muhammad Muhammad is considered in Islam to be the greatest messenger and prophet sent by God
Muslims a follower of the religion of Islam.
Qur'ar he sacred text of Islam,
trade routes one of the sea-lanes ordinarily used by merchant ships.
Khadijah the first wife of the Prophet Mohammed
monotheism Worship of one god
polytheism belief in more than one god
night journey the journey through the heavens made by Muhammad, guided by the archangel Gabriel. They flew first to Jerusalem, where Muhammad prayed with earlier prophets including Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, before entering the presence of Allah in heaven.
people of the book Jews and Christians as regarded by Muslims.
Shunnah the verbally transmitted record of the teachings, deeds and sayings, silent permissions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as various reports about Muhammad's companions.
Mosques a Muslim place of worship.
five pillars of faith shahada (confession of faith), salat (prayer), zakat (almsgiving), sawm (fasting, especially during the month of Ramadan), and hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca).
pilgrimage a pilgrim's journey.
jihad (among Muslims) a war or struggle against unbelievers.
Shari'a law, seen as deriving from the Koran, hadith, ijmaʿ, and qiyas.
shahadah s an Islamic creed declaring belief in the oneness of God and the acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet.
zakat is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, mandatory for all Muslims. Zakat is not a charitable contribution, and is considered as a tax.
salat the ritual prayer of Muslims, performed five times daily in a set form.
siyam 3rd pillar is fasting
hajj the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.
external jihad internal as well as external efforts to be a good Muslims or believer, as well as working to inform people about the faith of Islam.
internal jihad much more than holy war. Muslims use the word Jihad to describe three different kinds of struggle: A believer's internal struggle to live out the Muslim faith as well as possible
imam is an Islamic leadership position. It is most commonly in the context of a worship leader of a mosque and Muslim community by Sunni Muslims.
Social studies Subject learning about the past, present and future.
10 commandments are a set of commandments which the Bible describes as having been given to the Israelites by God
Abraham plays a prominent role as an example of faith in Judaism, Christianity, Islam
Apostles/disiples Messenger for God
bible Christianity holly text
christianity the religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.
culture diffusion The spread of culture
diaspora Jews living outside Israel.
Hebrews/Israelite a member of an ancient people living in what is now Israel
Jesus Son of God
Judaism is an ancient monotheistic religion, with the Torah as its foundation text
Missionary a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country.
monotheism worship of one god
persecution hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs.
religion organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.
Torah the law of God as revealed to Moses and recorded in the first five books of the Hebrew scriptures
Church a building used for public Christian worship.
convent a promise
Crucifixion a form of slow and painful execution in which the victim is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang for several days until eventual death from exhaustion
gospels are a genre of Early Christian literature claiming to recount the life of Jesus, to preserve his teachings, or to reveal aspects of God's nature.
greatest commandment Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind
holy trinity the Christian Godhead as one God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Jerusalem the birthplace of Jesus Christ
Kosher (of food, or premises in which food is sold, cooked, or eaten) satisfying the requirements of Jewish law.
Messiah the promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Bible.
Moses Moses is a prophet in Abrahamic religions
New testament The life before Jesus
Parables a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels.
Prophets Messenger of God
Rabbi a Jewish scholar or teacher
Resurrection the action or fact of resurrecting or being resurrected.
Sabbath a day of religious observance and abstinence from work, kept by Jews from Friday evening to Saturday evening, and by most Christians on Sunday.
synagogue the building where a Jewish assembly or congregation meets for religious worship and instruction.
Yahweh a form of the Hebrew name of God used in the Bible.
Republic a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
dictatorship government by a dictator.
democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
fascim an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.
theocracy a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained.
oligarchy
monarchy vs constitutional monarchy
emirate
GDP
GDP per capita
Human capital
Created by: nweaver005