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Social Studies 2015

Social Studies

What are the two River valley civilizations? Egypt and Mesopotamia
What are the three religions we learned? Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
Innovation definition A new idea, or product
Where is Saudi Arabia listed on the map? Right above Yemen
What is cultural diffusion. The spreading of a religion
Where does Muhammad live? Mecca
Muhammad A religious and political leader.
Islam it is a monotheistic, Abraham religion
prophet a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God.
muslims a person who follows the religion of Islam, a monotheistic and Abraham religion based on the Quran.
qur'an It is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.
Makkah (Mecca) It is in a desert valley in western Saudi Arabia, is Islam’s holiest city, as it’s the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the faith itself.
Ka'ba is considered a holy and sacred site by the local Arabs and Islam recognized it.
trade routes a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo.
Khadijah the first wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
monotheism Belief in one God
polytheism Belief in many gods
Night Journey when Muhammad visits Jerusalem and met the earlier prophets, like Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.
People of the Book in the Qur'an, it refers to followers of monotheistic Abrahamic religions that are older than Islam.
Sunnah The example of Muhammad
mosques Houses of worship
Five Pillars of Faith Faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and making pilgrimage to Makkah
pilgrimage a religious journey to the Ka'ba
jihad Muslims struggle with internal and external challenges
shari'ah Islamic law
Shahadah In Islam, it is the first of the five pillars. It is the Muslim profession of faith
Zakat It is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, mandatory for all Muslims. It is not a charitable contribution, and is considered as a tax.
Salat prayers, said five times a day: the second of the Pillars of Islam.
siyam the third pillar of Islam is fasting (primarily during the month of Ramadan); Muslims abstain from food and drink and gambling and all sensuous pleasures from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan
Hajj It is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey,
External Jihad the external struggle is the process of enabling someone else to attain his or her essence.
Internal Jihad The internal struggle is the effort to attain one's essence
Imam It is an Islamic leadership position.
Created by: dpennix286
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