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SocialStudies2015-16

Social Studies 2015-16

TermDefinition
cultural diffusion the spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group to another. The mixing of world cultures through different ethnicities, religions and nationalities has increased with advanced communication, transportation and technology
primary source A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event.
secondary source Secondary sources are documents written after an event has occurred, providing secondhand accounts of that event, person, or topic.
archeology archeology, is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that has been left behind by past human populations
Nile River Valley The aerial shots in Mysteries of Egypt capture the beauty of the Nile Valley. The majestic Nile River flows north from the headwaters in Burundi to the Mediterranean Sea, a distance of 6,650 kilometres. This makes it the longest river in the world!
agriculture (stable food supply) the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products
civilization the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced.
innovation the action or process of innovating
invention the action of inventing something, typically a process or device.
anthropology Anthropology is the study of humans. Anthropologists want to know everything about our species, from its earliest origins to its complex present, and use every tool and question we can think of to understand our embodied, social nature.
river valley civilization Historically the first great civilizations all grew up in river valleys. The oldest, 3500 to 2000 B.C.E., was along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East; the name given to that civilization, Mesopotamia, means "between the rivers".
Monotheism the doctrine or belief that there is only one God
Crucifixion the execution of a person by nailing or binding them to a cross
Covenant an agreement
Kosher of food, or premises in which food is sold, cooked, or eaten) satisfying the requirements of Jewish law.
Prophets a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God.
persecution hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs.
Resurrection a dead animal or person
Diaspora Jews living outside Israel
10 Commandments The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of commandments which the Bible describes as being given to the Israelites by God at biblical Mount Sinai.
Greatest Commandment Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment.the second is Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
New Testament The New Testament is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Church/cathedral cathedral definition. A church building in which a Christian bishop has his official seat; cathedral is Latin for “chair.” Cathedrals are usually large and imposing, and many have been important in the development of architecture.
missionary a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country.
Christianity Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament.
Judaism Judaism is an ancient monotheistic religion, with the Torah as its foundational text (part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible), and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud.
Jesus A prophet of the first century of our era; to Christians, Jesus Christ, the son of God,
Rabbi a Jewish scholar or teacher, especially one who studies or teaches Jewish law. a person appointed as a Jewish religious leader.
Messiah the promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Bible. 2. a leader or savior of a particular group or cause.
Holy Trinity the Christian Godhead as one God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. a group of three people or things. "the wine was the first of a trinity of three excellent vintages" the state of being three. "God is said to be trinity in unity"
Yahweh a form of the Hebrew name of God used in the Bible. The name came to be regarded by Jews ( circa 300 BC) as too sacred to be spoken, and the vowel sounds are uncertain.
Synagogue the building where a Jewish assembly or congregation meets for religious worship and instruction. a Jewish assembly or congregation.
Torah (in Judaism) the law of God as revealed to Moses and recorded in the first five books of the Hebrew scriptures (the Pentateuch). a scroll containing this.
religion A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.
Bible the Christian scriptures,consisting of the 66 books of the Old and New Testaments. Scriptures, Holy Writ, Good Book, Book of Books
Abraham Abraham, birthname Abram, is the first of the three biblical patriarchs. His story, told in chapters 11 through 25 of the Book of Genesis, plays a prominent role as an example of faith in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Gospels Gospels are a genre of Early Christian literature claiming to recount the life of Jesus, to preserve his teachings, or to reveal aspects of God's nature.
Muhammad Muhammad is generally regarded to be the founder of Islam. He is considered, almost universally, by Muslims to have been the last prophet sent by God to mankind to restore Islam,
Islam Islam is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative ...
Muslims the people that practice the Islamic faith
Qur'an the Islamic bible
Makkah (Mecca) the birth place of muhammad
Ka'ba Ka'ba (Kaaba), the holiest place in Islam, a large cube-shaped building inside the al-Masjid al-Haram mosque in Mecca.
trade routes 1. : one of the sea-lanes ordinarily used by merchant ships. 2. : a route followed by traders (as in caravans)
Khadijah Khadijah or Khadīja bint Khuwaylid or Khadīja al-Kubra was the first wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. She is commonly regarded by Muslims as the "mother of the Believers i.e.Muslims", and was the first person to convert to Islam
monotheism the belief in one god
polytheism the belief in or worship of more than one god.
Night Journey Night Journey the journey through the heavens made by Muhammad, guided by the archangel Gabriel. They flew first to Jerusalem, where Muhammad prayed with earlier prophets including Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, before entering the presence of Allah in heaven
People of the Book Jews and Christians as regarded by Muslims
sunnah is the verbally transmitted record of the teachings, deeds and sayings, silent permissions (or disapprovals) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as various reports about Muhammad's companions.
mosques a Muslim place of worship
five pillers of faith The five pillars of Islam are the basic framework in a Muslim's religious life as per commanded by their Lord
pilgrimage A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance. Typically, it is a journey to a shrine or other location of importance to a person's beliefs and faith, although sometimes it can be a metaphorical journey into someone's own beliefs.
jihad jihad is an Islamic term referring to the religious duty of Muslims to maintain the religion. In Arabic, the word jihād is a noun meaning "to strive, to apply oneself, to struggle, to persevere
shari'ah Sharia or sharia law (Arabic: شريعة‎ (IPA: [ʃaˈriːʕa]), is the basic Islamic legal system derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith
GDP Gross domestic product is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. Though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis, it can be calculated on a quarterly basis as well.
GDP per capita This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average population for the same year.
Globalization Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology
Human Capital Human capital is the stock of knowledge, habits, social and personality attributes, including creativity, embodied in the ability to perform labor so as to produce economic value.
Industrialization process in which a society or country transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services.
Standard of Living Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area.
Urbanization Urbanization is a population shift from rural to urban areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change.
Created by: cwilson939
 

 



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