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First Americans

Who Were the First Settlers of the New World

Why did Christopher Columbus call the first peoples he found in the New World Indians? He thought he had landed in the Indies which is near China
What do they call objects like arrowheads, pottery and other tools found in places where the First Americans lived? Artifacts
What are the three major American Indian language groups in Virginia? Algonquin, Siouan, and Iroquoian
Which language group included the Powhatan and was located in the Coastal Plain The Algonquian
Which language group included the Monacans and was located in the Piedmont region? The Siouan
Which language group included the Cherokee and was located in the southwestern part of Virginia and North Carolina? The Iroquoian
The climate of Virginia was? Relatively mild with four distinct seasons
How did the native peoples relate to their environment? They used animal skins for clothing and made shelters from the materials found around them
How did the native peoples adapt to the winter season? They hunted, fished and lived on stored foods from the previous fall
How did the native peoples adapt to the spring season? They fished, hunted and picked berries.
How did the native peoples adapt to the summer season? They grew crops - beans, corn and squash.
How did the native peoples adapt to the fall season? They harvested crops and hunted food to preserve for the winter
Name the cities located on the four important Virginia rivers. Potomac - Alexandria, Rappahannock - Fredericksburg, York - Yorktown, and James - Richmond and Jamestown
What is the Eastern Shore? A peninsula bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the east and the Chesapeake Bay on the west
Virginia's Indians are known by what name? Eastern Woodlands Indians - because of the dense woodlands covering Virginia at that time
Where do present-day native peoples of Virginia live? American Indians, who trace their family history back to before 1607, continue to live in all parts of Virginia today.
Created by: tinaclarke



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