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New England Colonies

Terms about the New England Colonies

Subsistence Farming When farmers produce only enough to feed and maintain their families.
Export A product that originates in one place and is sold in another.
Import A trade product that is brought into a country.
Triangular Trade Regular trading route that formed a triangle between West Indies, colonial America, Europe, and West Africa.
Metacomet A leader of American Indians that started a war against the colonies.
Meeting House The church where meetings were held.
John Carver A business man who found and paid for the Mayflower and was the first governor of Plymouth.
William Bradford The second governor of Plymouth.
John Winthrop The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company.
Anne Hutchinson A Puritan who challenged the church leaders by saying the government and church should be separated.
Samoset Introduced the Pilgrims to the American Indians.
Squanto An American Indian interpreter who taught the Pilgrims how to survive.
Reason Massachusetts was founded Religious freedom.
Industry in Massachusetts Cattle & grain, lumber and timber, shipbuilding, fishing & whaling.
Religion in Massachusetts Puritan, with strict observance of the Sabbath.
Government in Massachusetts Elected governor and general court, Massachusetts School Law states any community with more than 50 houses must have a teacher.
Great Migration The movement of English settlers to the American colonies from 1630 to 1640.
Massachusetts Bay Company Company formed in 1629 by Puritans to start a colony in America.
Commonwealth A self-governing political unit.
Puritans Members of the Anglican Church who wanted to purify the church.
Separatists Those who left the Anglican Church.
Pilgrims English settlers seeking religious freedom in the Americas.
Mayflower Compact An agreement made by Pilgrim leaders that ensured self-government.
John Mason A co-founder of New Hampshire/Maine.
Ferdinando Gorges A co-founder of New Hampshire/Maine.
Reason New Hampshire was founded Profit from trade & fishing, part of Mass. for many years.
Industry from New Hampshire Cattle & grain, Lumber and timber, fur trapping, naval stores, fishing & whaling.
Naval Stores Products of pine forests used in wooden shipbuilding and maintenance.
Roger Williams Founder of Rhode Island.
Reasons Rhode Island was founded Different beliefs from Puritans (Mass.). Believed land needed to be bought from Native Americans.
Industry of Rhode Island Cattle, grain, ironworks, shipbuilding, fishing, and whaling.
Religion of Rhode Island A mixture of Quakers and Jews.
Government of Rhode Island Separation of Church and State.
Toleration The acceptance of different beliefs.
Thomas Hooker A minister who led his congregation from Massachusetts to Connecticut, where they built a town they called Hartford.
Reasons Connecticut was founded Massachusetts was too large, farming, fur trade, and religious freedom.
Industry of Connecticut Cattle, grain, ironworks, and shipbuilding.
Religion of Connecticut A branch from Puritan belief.
Government of Connecticut An assembly and elected governor, men who were property owners could vote.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut A plan of government for Hartford, Connecticut
Constitution A plan of government.
Created by: nlang34