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New England

TermDefinition
Subsistence Farming Farming to provide for ones family or own self.
Export send (goods or services) to another country for sale.
Import bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale.
Royal Colony a type of colonial administration of the English and later British Empire.
Proprietary Colony a colony in which one or two individuals, usually land owners, remaining subject to their parent state's sanctions, retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state, and in all cases eventually became so.
Triangular Trade a system in which slaves, crops, and manufactured goods were traded between Africa, the Caribbean, and the American colonies. The early days of the American economy were filled with trade routes stretching across the Atlantic Ocean.
Frontier a line or border separating two countries.
Meeting House a Quaker place of worship.
Apprentice a person who is learning a trade from a skilled employer, having agreed to work for a fixed period at low wages.
Naval Stores articles or materials used in shipping.
Patroon a person given land and granted certain manorial privileges under the former Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey.
Great Migration the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970.
Conestoga Wagon a heavy, covered wagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century and the nineteenth century in the United States and Canada. It was large enough to transport loads up to 6 tons (5.4 metric tons), and was drawn by horses, mules or oxen.
Commonwealth an independent country or community, especially a democratic republic.
Cash Crop an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit. It is typically purchased by parties separate from a farm.
Puritans a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England from all Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
Constitution a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
Sepratists a person who supports the separation of a particular group of people from a larger body on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or gender.
Fundamental forming a necessary base or core; of central importance.
Orders of Conneticut an early agreement between the colonial communities of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor that established a representative government based on the example of a number of Massachusetts colonies.
Pilgrims a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons.
Toleration the practice of tolerating something, in particular differences of opinion or behavior.
Mayflower Compact the first written framework of government established in what is now the United States.
Pascifists a person who believes that war and violence are unjustifiable.
Mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
Toleration Act An act of 1689 granting freedom of worship to dissenters (excluding Roman Catholics and Unitarians) on certain conditions. Its real purpose was to unite all Protestants under William III against the deposed Roman Catholic James II.
Quakers a member of the Religious Society of Friends, a Christian movement founded by George Fox circa 1650 and devoted to peaceful principles.
Indigo a tropical plant of the pea family, which was formerly widely cultivated as a source of dark blue dye.
Urban in, relating to, or characteristic of a city or town.
Rural in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.
Artisan a worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand.
Tidewater water brought or affected by tides.
Plantations an estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor.
Joint-stock Community stock or capital divided into a number of shares.
Middle Passage the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.
Indentured Servants a labor system whereby young people paid for their passage to the New World by working for an employer for a certain number of years. It was widely employed in the 18th century in the British colonies in North America and elsewhere.
Slave Codes sets of laws during the colonial period and/or in individual states after the American Revolution, which defined the status of slaves and the rights and responsibilities of slave owners.
Back Country sparsely inhabited rural areas; wilderness.
Charter a written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power, by which an institution such as a company, college, or city is created and its rights and privileges defined.
Created by: kbraunsdorf17