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New England Colonies

Great Migration The movement of the English settlers to the American Colonies from 1630 to 1640
Massachusetts Bay Comapny A company founded in 1629 by Puritans to start a colony in America
Commonwealth Self-governing political unit
Puritans members of the Anglican church wanting to “purify” the church
Separatists Those who left the Anglican Church
Pilgrims English settlers seeking religious freedom in the Americas Religious journey
Mayflower Compact Agreement made by pilgrim leaders that ensured self-government
Charter Official document gaining the right of the lad and trade
Meeting House Protestant place of worship
Naval Stores Products of pine forests used in wooden ship building and maintenance
Toleration Acceptance of different beliefs
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut First american constitution or plan of government
Constitution Document presenting plan of government
Massachusetts Reasons founded: Religious freedom Industry: Cattle & grain, lumber and timber, shipbuilding, fishing & whaling Religion: Puritans, strict observance of the Sabbath Government: elected governor and general court, Massachusetts School Law
New Hampshire Reasons founded: profit from trade & fishing, part of Mass. for many years. Industry: Cattle & grain, Lumber and timber, fur trapping, naval stores, fishing & whaling
Rhode Island Reasons founded: Different beliefs from Puritans. Believed land to be bought from Native Americans. Industry: Cattle & grain, Ironworks, shipbuilding, fishing and whaling Religion: Quakers, Jews, a mixture Government: Separation of church and state
Connecticut Reasons founded: Mass. too large, farming, fur trade,& religious freedom Industry: Cattle & grain, Ironworks, shipbuilding Religion: a branch from Puritan belief Government: An assembly and elected governor, men who were property owners could vote
Massachusetts (Con'td) RELIGION WAS THE #1 THING Subsistence farming does not bring any money Had to learn to read so they could read the holy scripture(Bible)
New Hampshire (Con'td) New Hampshire was based on money not religion They pushed the Pequot Indians, or Natives out of their land which resulted in clashes Thousands of natives were captured as slaves and sold in the West Indies
Rhode Island (Con'td) Puritans did not believe in religious tolerance or the acceptance of different beliefs People who were unhappy with the Massachusetts Bay Company could come to Providence Eventually three other towns joined Providence and were named a colony
Connecticut (Con'td) Looking for a better place several people traveled in the valley of the Connecticut River they started the towns of Windsor and Wethersfield 1662 Connecticut became a separate colony when it was granted a separate charter by the king
Roger Williams Preached ideas that angered Puritan leaders For Rhode Island
Thomas Hooker Led congregation from Massachusetts to Connecticut. For Connnecticut
John Winthrop Formed Massachusetts Bay Company and was their first governor. For Massachusetts.
Anne Hutchinson Spoke ideas Puritans didn't liked therefore was banned from Massachusetts and settled in Providence, Rhode Island.
Samoset and Squanto Helped people learn how to hunt and grow crops. Therefore we have Thanksgiving.
Created by: sgoreja44



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