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chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
harappan a society
aryans Indo-European people
vedic age Indian history during which the Vedas
law book of "manu" ancient legal text
karma revenge on someone or something
rig vega ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns
citadel protecting or dominating a city.
archaeologists the scientific study of material remains
Dravidian family of languages spoken in southern India and Sri Lanka
doctrine a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group.
shudras a member of the worker caste
varnas each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra.
caste system class structure that is determined by birth
brahman a member of the highest Hindu caste, that of the priesthood.
8000–7000 B.C.E. Beginnings of agriculture in south Asia
2500–2000 B.C.E. High point of Harappan society
1900 B.C.E. Beginning of Harappan decline
1500 B.C.E. Beginning of Aryan migration to India
1500–500 B.C.E. Vedic age
1400–900 B.C.E. Composition of the Rig Veda
1000 B.C.E. Early Aryan migrations into the Ganges River valley
1000 B.C.E. Emergence of varna (means "color" refers to the social structuring from rich to poor known as the caste system, you can never change your caste) distinctions
1000–500 B.C.E. Formation of regional kingdoms in northern India
800–400 B.C.E. Composition of the principal Upanishads
750 B.C.E. Establishment of first Aryan cities in the Ganges valley
500 B.C.E. Early Aryan migrations to the Deccan Plateau
Created by: Brigitte2019