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Mesopatamia Vocab

QuestionAnswer
silt fine sand, clay, or other material carried by running water and deposited as a sediment, especially in a channel or harbor.
Fertile Crescent a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Polytheism The concept that divinity is multiple and cannot be separated from nature. In reality this means that any and every Godess that has ever been worshipped does, in fact, exist.
Myth a traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
irrigation supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc
caravan A group of merchants traveling together for safety.
bazaar a market in a Middle Eastern country.
Mesopotamia Mesopotamia is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, the northeastern section of Syria and to a much lesser extent southeastern Turkey, smaller parts of southwestern Iran and Kuwait. ...
city-state a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
surplus an amount of something left over when requirements have been met; an excess of production or supply over demand.
empire an extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress.
tribute an act, statement, or gift that is intended to show gratitude, respect, or admiration. surreneder
province a principal administrative division of certain countries or empires. The states of the USA are the province and the USA is the empire.
epic a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.
astronomer an expert in or student of astronomy.
prophet a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God.
monotheism the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
scribe a person who copies out documents, especially one employed to do this before printing was invented.
cuneiform denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets.
enkidu legendary friend of Gilgamesh
untapishtim favorite of the gods and grandfather of Gilgamesh; survived the great flood and became immortal
ziggurat in ancient Mesopotamia) a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple. Ziggurats are first attested in the late 3rd millennium BC and probably inspired the biblical story of the Tower of Babel (Gen. 11:1–9).
urshanabi the boat man
ishtar Babylonian and Assyrian goddess of love and fertility and war; counterpart to the Phoenician Astarte - god that sent down Enkidu
battering ram a heavy object swung or rammed against a door to break it down
Created by: psemenekic
 

 



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