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Early Explorers

Study Guide

Vasco Nunez de Balboa Set up a farm in Hispaniola; Hid on a ship and landed in Panama where he helped settlers start a settlement; discovered the Isthmus of Panama.
Amerigo Vespucci Sailed south of Columbus (South America) Realized it wasn't Asia like Columbus thought.
Christopher Columbus Believed he could reach Asia by traveling west across the Atlantic Ocean. King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella funded his trip. Named the island he found San Salvador.
Marco Polo Wrote a book about his travels to Cathay. It encouraged other explorers to begin expeditions.
John Cabot Discovered present day Canada. Funded by King Henry VII (the 7th)
Ferdinand Magellan Found the Pacific Ocean. First crew to sail around the world.
King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella Funded Columbus's voyages. Wanted him to bring Catholic beliefs to Asia.
Prince Henry of Portugal Created a school of navigation which made better map.
Coronado Looked for seven cities of gold. Never found gold but claimed southwestern United States for Spain.
Ponce de Leon Looked for the Fountain of Youth. Found Florida and claimed it for Spain.
Hernando DeSoto Explored Southeastern U.S. First to see the Mississippi River.
Francisco Pizzaro Took control of the Inca empire. Forces them to accept Christianity.
Hernado Cortez Defeated the Aztecs and founded Tenochtitlan which became Mexico City and the center of the Spanish empire.
Henry Hudson Claimed the Hudson River and the Hudson Bay and the areas around it for the Netherlands. His crew mutinied (rebelled) and Hudson was never seen again.
Martin Luther German priest that started the Reformation. Began the Protestant churches.
Jacque Cartier Searched for the Northwest Passage. Founded the St. lawarence River and claimed it for France.
Givanni de Verrazono Sarched for the Northwest Passage. Landed in North Caroline.
Renaissance Rebirth
Expedition Trip taken with the goal of exploring
Reconquista Movement in Spain to force Muslims to become Catholic
Compass, Astrolabes, Map, and Chronometer Tools for Navigation
Counter Reformation Catholic Church's effort to keep power during the Reformation
Northwest Passage Belief that Asia could be reached more easily through or around North America
Conquistadors Spanish explorers and soldiers that conquered lands
Missionaries Religious teachers
Navigation Tools for aiding sailors and travel
Isthmus Narrow strip of land connecting to larger lands
Created by: SwordArtOnline



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