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founding documents

grade 5 SS

declaration of independence (purpose) 1776 stated we were free from rule of the British government, declared our independence
declaration of independence (problems) 1776 resulted in revolutionary war, created need for new government, resulted in the articles of confederation and the constitution
articles of confederation (purpose) 1781 attempted to create a new government, gave rules about how government works
articles of confederation (problems) 1781 it made the federal/ central/ national government too weak, states were too powerful, nothing got accomplished
the constitution (purpose) 1787 the articles of confederation made the central / federal government too weak, it created an outline for a powerful national government to protect the people.
the constitution (problems) 1787 citizens were afraid they wouldn't have personal rights and freedoms or that these could be taken away at any time
bill of rights- 1st 10 amendments (purpose) 1791 listed and made official the most important personal freedoms for citizens
bill of rights- 1st 10 amendments (problem) 1791 the big question: when do a persons individual rights interfere with another person's individual rights /freedom / safety?
amendment a change in the words or meaning of a law or document (such as a constitution)
civil rights the rights that every person should have regardless of his or her sex, race, or religion court cases, posters, ghandi
separation of powers A fundamental principle of the United States government, whereby powers and responsibilities are divided among the legislative branch, executive branch, and judicial branch.
balance of powers a state or situation in which two countries or groups (such as two political parties) have equal amounts of power
checks and balances a system in which the different parts of an organization (such as a government) have powers that affect and control the other parts so that no part can become too powerful
executive branch president lead country, enforce laws, leads armed forces
judicial branch supreme court (9 justices) review laws to make sure they are in line with constitution
legislative branch house of reps and senate together called "congress" creates and passes laws
supreme court the highest court of law in a country or U.S. state
house of representatives
president leads country, approves laws, enforce laws
Created by: aidang9
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