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U.S. History

U.S. History Starr Facts 1-56

QuestionAnswer
What is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them? Representative Government
What is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them? A Republic
What was the first representative assembly in the new world? The House of Burgesses
What are the three branches of government? Judicial, Executive, Legislative
What protected the rights of the English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights? The English Bill of Rights
What was the first permanent English settlement in the new world and was founded in 1607? Jamestown
What colony was founded in 1620? Plymouth
Who set sail the ocean blue, when? Cristopher Columbus, 1492
What document was signed by King John I of England in 1215 that limited the power of the ruler, gave power of Trial by Jury? Magna Carta
What did the pilgrims sign that said they agree to consult each other about laws for the colony and promise to work together to make the colony succeed, when? The Mayflower Compact, 1620
What is a fast moving ship used in exploration? A Caravel
What is a navigational instrument used to plot the stars? Astrolabe
What was the first written constitution in America? The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
What are the Middle Colonies? New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania
What are the Southern Colonies? Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland
What are the New England Colonies? New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut
Who wanted to reform the English Church? The Puritans
Who wanted to set up their own Church? The Separatist
What is a colony run by governor appointed by the King or Queen? A Royal Colony
What is a colony in which investors buy stock in the company and in return for a share of its future profits? A Joint Stock Colony
What is Mercantilism? An economic theory that a country's strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys, and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country.
What are Primary Sources? The original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts.
What are Secondary Sources? The later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often secondary sources, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.
What is Free Enterprise? The freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulations.
What is a Proprietary Colony? A colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted.
What is a Tyranny? Tyranny is a cruel and unjust government.
What is a Democracy? It is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving people the supreme power.
Where were the first shots of the American Revolution fired, When? Lexington, Massachusetts April 1775.
Where was the first battle of the American Revolution? Concord, Massachusetts
What was the turning point for the American Revolution? The battle of Saratoga.
Where the British defeated? Yorktown, Virginia
What is a Tariff? It is a tax on goods brought into a country.
What is a Protective Tariff? It is a tax placed on goods from another country to protect the home industry.
What are three Unalienable Rights, and what are Unalienable Rights? Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness and they are rights that can not be taken away, transferred, or given up.
What is the Declaration of Independence, who wrote it? Thomas Jefferson, a document declaring Independence from Great Brittan.
What are the Articles of Confederation? The Articles of Confederation were the first American constitution. It was a very weak document and it limited the power of congress and gave the states the final authority over most all decisions.
What was the Constitution of United States? It set out laws and principles of the government of the United States.
What did George Washington's Farewell Address say about foreign affairs? The farewell address said to stay neutral.
What was the Treaty of Pairs of 1763? It ended the French and Indian war and kicked the French out of North America.
What was the Treaty of Paris of 1783? It ended the American Revolution and forced Brittan to recognize the United States as an Independent Nation.
Who was James Armistead? He was a former slave, an American Patriot who worked as a spy for the Americans.
Who was John Paul Jones? He was an American Patriot and a Sea Captain. Known as the father of the U.S Navy and for his famous saying "I have not yet begun to fight".
Who was Wentworth Cheswell? He was an African-American teacher, Patriot, assessor, military war veteran, auditor, fist black land owner.
Who was Bernardo de Galvez? He was the governor of Spanish colony in Louisiana, he helped fight the British in Louisiana, Alabama, and Florida until the British left the United States.
Who was Haym Salomon? He financed the American Revolution.
Who was Sam Adams? He was a member of the Boston Sons of Liberty, he started the committee of correspondence.
who was Ben Franklin? He was an inventor, a statesman, a diplomat, a singer, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Who was Abigail Adams? She was the wife of John Adams and a women's patriot leader and Women's rights advocate. She wrote to her husband to not forget the ladies.
Who was Mercy Otis Warren? Patriot and wrote the first history of the American Revolution.
Who was King George the 3? He was the king of England and taxed the colonist which led to the American Revolution.
Who was Thomas Jefferson? He was the writer of the Declaration, 3 president, and purchased the Louisiana territory.
Who was Thomas Paine? He wrote pamphlets like Common Sense and The Crisis.
Who was George Washington? He was the leader of the continental army and the 1 president.
Who was Alexander Hamilton? He was the leader of the Federalists, fist treasurer of the U.S, creator of bank of the U.S, and killed in a duel by the vice president Arron Burr.
Who was Patrick Henry? He was a fiery patriot and a passionate speaker known for his famous quote "Give me liberty or give me death".
Who is James Madison? He is considered the "Father of the Constitution".
Created by: AustinGilliam