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SS - Unit 2


What is the 13th Amendment? Bans slavery in the United States and all of its territories.
What is the 14th Amendment? Grants citizenship to all persons born in the United States and guarantees them equal protection under the law.
What is the 15th Amendment? Ensures all citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Who urged Southerners to reconcile with Northerners at the end of the war and reunite as Americans? Robert E. Lee
Who believed that preservation of the Union was more important than punishing the South? Abraham Lincoln
The 12 year period after the Civil War (1865 to 1877) was Reconstruction
Abraham Lincoln wanted forgiveness or Reconciliation.
Who was a strong voice for human rights/civil liberties? Frederick Douglass
What were the government offices set up to help freed slaves called? The Freedman's Bureau.
Who were sent to control and supervise the South? Federal troops (Northern soldiers).
What were the Northerners who came to the South called? Carpetbaggers.
What does N.A.A.C.P. stand for? National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
What were the states law that were used to restrict rights and freedoms of African Americans? Black Codes
Where were Federal (Northern) troops sent to supervise after the Civil War? The South
What law was passed by Congress during the Reconstruction Era that made discrimination illegal? Civil Rights Act of 1866
What was the purpose of the N.A.A.C.P.? To end segregation laws and discrimination against blacks.
What were laws passed in the Southern States AFTER Reconstruction ended that required racial segregation? Jim Crow Laws
What does discrimination mean? To treat people differently
What is segregation? Separation of people of different groups- usually by race.
What is a legacy? What one leaves for later generations
Preservation of the Union was which leaders' MOST important goal? Abraham Lincoln
What did the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment attempt to do? Guarantee equal protection under the law for all citizens.
What ended Reconstruction? The election of 1876
Where were the Federal troops removed from in 1877? The South.
Which leader: 1. Reconstruction plan called for reconciliation 2. Was the President during the Civil War 3. Thought that Preservation of the Union was more important than punishing the South? Abraham Lincoln.
Which leader: 1. Urged Southerners to reconcile with Northerners 2. Wanted to reunite as Americans and stop fighting 3. was President of Washington and Lee University? Robert E. Lee
Which leader: 1. Wanted constitutional amendments that guaranteed voting rights 2. Was a powerful voice for human rights 3. Was a powerful voice for civil liberties for all? Frederick Douglass
Which African American leader believed: 1. that the time was not right to fight segregation 2. that there should be more schools that taught trade skills and 3. founded the Tuskegee Institute? Booker T. Washington (BTW)
Which African American leader believed: 1. should demand full equal rights IMMEDIATELY 2. wanted to increase the number of African Americans with college degrees and 3. founded the N.A.A.C.P? W.E.B Du Bois (WEB D)
What Supreme Court case established "separate but equal" segregation? Plessy vs. Ferguson
After Reconstruction, what allowed Jim Crow laws to continue to spread? Plessy vs. Ferguson's "Separate but Equal" segregation