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1st Nine Weeks

QuestionAnswer
Where could you have found the most colonies with the greatest Spanish influence in 1500? South America
Why was the Line of Demarcation created in the late 1490s? (Think Treaty of Tordesillas) to set up boundaries for Spain and Portugal which referred to newly discovered territories
The astrolabe, an example of improved technology of the 15th and 16th centuries, had the greatest impact on Navigation skills
The voyages of European exploration during the 15th and 16th centuries were made mainly by many new or improved technologies
What basic economic concept does European exploration and colonization of many areas of the world represent? supply and demand
Which event best shows the impact of the economic factors of supply and demand? European exploration and colonization
Mercantilism was the principle that the purpose of colonies is to economically benefit the mother country
Through the use of what system did mercantilism make Great Britain thrive in the late 1600s? the Triangular Trade
As a result of the Age of Exploration, Western European nations controlled more and more international trade
A major reason for the growing wealth in Europe during the era of colonization can be traced to the creation of a middle class
The Middle Passage referred to the transportation of slaves from Africa to the New World
Why did the findings of Galileo frighten Catholic and Protestant leaders? His findings went against church teaching and authority
In the early 17th century, Galileo Galilei was convicted of heresy for claiming that Earth revolved around the Sun. This conviction was an example of early conflicts between religion and science
Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Newton: This is a list of people who were pioneers of the Scientific Revolution
Who is this describing? Born in 1643, died in 1727; English physicist, mathematician and astronomer; Described the laws of universal gravitation and laws of motion; Widely considered the most influential scientist in history Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton revolutionized the way people understood the universe in the 17th century when he proved the sun's gravity keeps the planets within their orbits
Why was the scientific method considered to be a major contribution during the Scientific Revolution? The scientific method established a systematic way to find proof using reason
Sir Isaac Newton is most associated with Laws of Motion and Gravity
A procedure using logic for the gathering and testing of scientific data is called The Scientific Method
Which scientific thinker posed theories that brought him into direct conflict with the Catholic Church? Galileo
How did the English Bill of Rights limit the power of the monarch? The monarch could not levy taxes without a specific grant from Parliament
What led to England's transition from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy? The Glorious Revolution
Who does this describe? Leader of the Roundheads during the English Civil War; signed execution warrant for the king; founder of the republic of England; "Lord Protector of England" Oliver Cromwell
These events caused what? James II conflicts with Parliament; Religious tensions sweep England; William of Orange invades in 1688 Glorious Revolution
When Mary and William took over the throne in England n 1688 when James II abdicated, why was it called the Glorious Revolution? because the revolution was bloodless and without violence
What did William and Mary agree to when becoming joint monarchs of the English throne in 1688? signing the English Bill of Rights
What Enlightenment ideas are reflected in the US Constitution Preamble? "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense... The government's power comes from the people
What does this passage describe? The US Constitution creates a government in which there are three branches of government. Each brand has a specific function. Checks and Balances
What was the greatest influence and inspiration for the American Revolution? The Enlightenment
Enlightenment thinkers contributed to changes in relationships between citizens and governments through their belief that governments are instituted to protect citizens' rights
What best describes the phrase "common good"? something that benefits everyone
The Enlightenment influenced revolutionary thought by instilling a belief in the natural rights of man
The American Revolution inspired the overthrow of which European system? The British Monarchy
The leading factor in the European colonization of Asia between 1500 and 1800 was the desire to dominate and control trade
What was a major effect of the European slave trade on Africa? The decline of African kingdoms accelerated
The people who came to the American colonies in the 17th century had already been exposed to the idea of a limited government thanks mainly to the Magna Carta
Which nation provided the foundation for the concept of limited government that is embodied in the US Constitution? England
Why are authoritarian and totalitarian systems considered unlimited governments? The government leaders have absolute power
What is the name of the agreement that laid the foundation for a limited monarchy in England? Magna Carta
What are all of the governments? Totalitarian, Absolutism, Dictatorship examples of unlimited government
What type of government do these terms describe? Restraints upon power and authority of government; Citizens are given individual rights; Citizens can participate in government decisions Limited government
The term "divine right" is most closely related to what type of government? absolute monarchies
What is an example of unlimited government? absolute monarchies
What was the outcome of the Glorious Revolution and the establishment of a limited government in England? The Glorious Revolution established the victory of Parliament over the king and limited the power of the government
What is considered the first event to take place in Europe that began to restrain the power of the government and create a structure that was limited in nation King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215
Which term describes the era when new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, chemistry and other sciences led to a rejection of superstitions and beliefs that had existed since ancient times? The Scientific Revolution
The term heliocentric refers to which belief? The sun is at the center of the universe
Both John Locke and Thomas Jefferson wrote about the natural rights of man. in what document are these "unalienable rights" specifically mentioned? The Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence and the "Social Contract Theory" both arose from which philosophical movement? Enlightenment
The political theory that people form governments for their mutual protection and that government rules only with the consent of those people is known as social contract theory
What did the ideas of John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, and Jean Jacques Rousseau have in common? The philosophies inspired the American and French Revolutions
John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu and Jean Jacques Rousseau all were influences on the ideals that shaped American government
According to John Locke, if the government failed to protect natural rights, what did citizens have the right to do? Overthrow the government and establish a new one
Montesquieu is credited with devising the basic Constitutional principle of separation and balance of governmental power
Which European philosopher proposed that dividing the government into three branches would prevent any one person or group from gaining total control? Baron de Montesquieu
What statement best characterizes the central idea of the Enlightenment? Logic and reason are capable of solving social and political problems
In English history, the Magna Carta (1215) and the English Bil lof Rights (1689) both reinforce the concept of a limited monarchy
What was the purpose of the English Bill of Rights? To limit the power of the British monarch
After the Glorious Revolution, England became a constitutional monarchy when William and Mary recognized Parliament as their partner in governing. How does a constitutional monarchy differ from an absolute monarchy? In a constitutional monarchy, laws limit the ruler's power
The document signed as a result of the Glorious Revolution is the English Bill of Rights
Which technological innovation had the most direct impact on European exploration in the 15th century? Navigational compass
Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations was a reaction to what economic policy? Mercantilism...Adam Smith is the father of capitalism
What was the goal of mercantilism after the 1600s? advantageous balance of trade.
Which economic system is based on the free exchange between buyers and sellers? Market system
As feudalism ended in Western Europe, which two groups became the backbone of the middle class? merchants and ship owners
Slaves were originally brought to British North America for the purpose of tobacco cultivation
Which religious system can now be found in Asian nations as a direct result of European colonization? Christianity
Who was famously put under house arrest because he challenged the Catholic Church and its teachings by introducing new scientific ideas? Galileo
Which of these was not a major contributing factor to the Scientific Revolution? Enlightenment thinkers
Created by: LewisR