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Origins of Am Govt

Macgruders Chapter 2

QuestionAnswer
limited government Idea that government is not all powerful and should restricted to specific tasks and roles.
Magna Carta Document forced upon King John of Great Britain that ended absolute rule by the king. Gave royal class rights such as trial by jury. . Literal meaning is Great Charter. 1215
Petition of Right A petition signed by noble classes to restrict further the powers of the King. Limited his ability to imprison people with out a trial, and martial law. 1628
English Bill of Rights A law passed by Parliament and imposed against the reign of William and Mary of Orange, prohibited a standing army without Parliaments consent and many other civil rights of the accused. 1689
charter A document granting authority over lands from the king.
royal colony Royal colonies were established under authority of the king and where ruled by a king appointed royal governor. Most colonies including Massachusetts and Virginia were royal colonies.
proprietary colonies These colonies were organized by a proprietor or leader of a company. They were granted by the king but their management and government were separate from king's rule. Examples PA,DE and MD
proprietor A person who is in-charge of a business.
bicameral Having a two house legislature
unicameral Having a single house legislature
charter colonies These colonies were established by individual who had broken from royal colonies and set out on their own. The king granted them charters for self-government.
Created by: mlwhittier
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