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ch. 6

Bicameral A legislature consisting of two parts, or two houses.
Census A population count by the Census Bureau
Constituent A person from a legislator's district
Gerrymander An oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group.
Majority party In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong.
Minority party In both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong.
Standing commitee Permanent committee that continues work from session to session in its Congress.
Seniority Years of service, which is used as a consideration fro assigning committee members.
Expressed powers Powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution.
Implied powers Powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution.
Elastic clause Clause in Article 1, section 8 if the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers.
Impeach To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Writ of habeas corpus A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person.
Bill of attainder A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
Ex post facto law A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed.
Franking privilege The right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage
Lobbyist Representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
Casework The work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem.
Pork-barrel project Government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state.
Joint resolution A resolution that is passed by both houses of Congress
Special-interest group An organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
Filibuster A tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by taking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it.
Cloture A procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill.
Voice vote A voting method in which those in favor say "Yea" and those against say "No"
Standing vote In Congress, when members stand to be continued for a vote on a bill.
Roll-call vote A voting method in the Senate in which members voice their votes in turn.
Veto Refusal to sign a bill or resolution
Pocket veto President's power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days.
Created by: roryhanner