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Social Studies Unit1

Social Studies Unit 1

What is a fossil? Traces of plants or animals that have been preserved in rock
What is an artifact? Weapons, tools and other things made by humans.
What is a nomad? A group of people who move regularly from place to place.
What is an anthropologist? A person who focuses on human society.
What is an archaeologist? A person who hunts evidence buried in the ground where settlements might have been.
What is Mesopotamia? It's Greek for "the land between the rivers."
What is cuneiform? A written language made by Sumerians.
What is a city state? A place with its own government and not a part of any larger unit.
What is irrigation? Building walls, waterways and ditches to water crops.
What is a civilization? Complex societies that have organized governments, cultures and writing.
What do historians call early period of human history? Paleolithic Age
What was the Paleolithic Age and what did people use (tame) to help them survive? Fire
What technology was the most important one used by Paleolithic people? Stone tools
What revolutionary change took place during the Neolithic Age? The Farming Revolution
Name two well-known Neolithic communities. Jericho and Catal Huyuk.
Where did the earliest civilizations arise and why were these locations chosen? In river valleys because it made farming possible.
What is a ziggurat? A temple where people went to worship gods.
What were Sumerians who were skilled in making metal, cloth and pottery products called? Artisans
What did Sumerians who learned how to read and write often become? Scribes
What is Hammurabi best known for? His Law Code or collections of laws.
Created by: karpags_siva



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