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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HNRS HIST Unit 2 Test Flashcards 2016

What did New Englanders do to maintain a sense of community during New England's economic rise? They established public schools and colleges and supported newspapers.
Why did young men choose to remain at home rather than become indentured servants? The English economy was imposing so it was more profitable to remain in England.
What was the transatlantic voyage of indentured servants of African slaves to the Americas called? The Middle Passage.
What is/was "gullah"? One of the languages that the slaves evolved from basic English words and different African languages.
What is/ was a "subsistence society"? A society that produces the food and supplies necessary for its survival but that does not produce a surplus for market. (Pg. 77)
What are/were "absentee planters"? An estate owner who collects profits from farming or rent but does not live on the land or help cultivate it. (Pg. 78)
What does the word "piedmont" mean? Land lying at the foot of a mountain range. (Pg. 78)
What does the word "discrimination" mean? Treatment that denies opportunity or rights because of class, gender, or racial category; sometimes called prejudice. (Pg. 81)
Middle Passage The name for the transatlantic voyage that took captured African slaves from Africa to ports in the Caribbean and the "New World" (13 Colonies). (Pg. 82)
List two (2) of the three (3) European products that were imported by the Colonies. 1. Salt; 2. Wine; 3. Spices. (Pg. 79)
What was the central crop of the New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware area? The central crop was wheat. (Pg. 79)
Why were the "English mainland colonies bound to one another despite a reputation for dispute, disagreement, and endless rivalry?" The Colonies had to exchange goods with one another in order to survive. (Pg. 79)
How did the "task labor system" allow slaves in the Lower South to have some control over the pace of their work & to have some chances to manage their free time? This happened because they had little or no contact with "white society". (Pg. 83)
What does the term "apprentices" mean? A person bound by legal agreement to work for a craftsman for a specific length of time in exchange for instruction in a trade, craft, or business. (Pg. 85)
Who were the "Paxton Boys"? This was a vigilante group who marched on Philadelphia in 1763 to demand a more aggressive Indian policy. (Pg. 88)
Who were the "Regulators"? A vigilante group from South Carolina who "pursued and punished outlaws, dispensing justice without the aid of courts or judges" because the government provided no courts or sheriffs. (Pg. 89)
What was the main argument of Enlightenment Thinkers? This group argued that reason (or rational thinking) rather than divine revelation, tradition, intuition, or established authority, was the true path to reliable knowledge and to human progress. (Pg. 90)
What did "deists" believe? This group believed that the universe operated according to logical, natural laws, without divine interjection. (Pg. 90)
What is the Social Contract Theory? This is the idea that people must give up a little bit of their freedom to the government in exchange for their protection. (Pg. 91)
Who came up with the idea of the Social Contract Theory? John Locke. (Pg. 91)
What was the Great Awakening? A series of religious revivals that began in the 1720's. It started in Massachusetts and spread rapidly through the Colonies. (Pg. 92)
What does the term "denominations" mean? A group of religious congregations that accept the same doctrines and are united under a single name. Example: Baptists. (Pg. 93)
What did the term "salutary neglect" mean during the Colonial period? This term meant that the English government was satisfied with "lax enforcement of most regulations as long as the Colonies remained dutifully loyal in military and economic matters". (Pg. 95)
What is a "corporate colony"? This is "a self - governing colony, not directly under the control of proprietors or the Crown. (Pg. 95)
What powers did the king and Parliament grant to local Colonial assemblies? 1.) Authority to raise taxes; 2.) Pay government salaries; 3.) Direct the care of the poor, and; 4.) Maintain bridges and roads. (Pg. 97)
Which war did the Treaty of Paris end? This treaty ended the French and Indian War. (Pg. 101)
List two (2) things stated in the Treaty of Paris? 1.) Great Britain gained much of France's possessions in North America; 2.) Great Britain & France each returned much of the territory that they had captured during the war.
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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