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American Govt. 2

Flashcards for Exa #2 (President, Congress, Committees, etc.)

TermDefinition
Presidential Qualities 1 Intelligence - Analyze probs, come up with solutions, above avg.
Presidential Qualities 2 Knowledge - Informed on issues, consistent, media attention
Presidential Qualities 3 Judgement - Words/actions appropriate to situation, character
Presidential Qualities 4 Honesty - Positive look, truthful, downplay negative issues
Presidential Qualities 5 Executivability - Delegate power, recruit good peeps, act decisively
Presidential Qualities 6 Mental Stability - Good decision-making, control of language
Presidential Qualities 7 Physical Stamina - 24/7 time, healthy-looking, in good shape
Presidential Job Description 1 Foreign Affairs - President spends 1/2 time here; ex could be how he's dealing with threat of ISIS
Presidential Job Description 2 Economic Affairs - Dealing with unemployment, inflation, etc.
Presidential Job Description 3 Domestic Affairs - Dealing with education, social security, debt, etc.
Antagonistic Factors 1 Diff. Constituency - President represents nation, Congress by district, Senators by state
Antagonistic Factors 2 Erosion of Support - First two yrs are "honeymoon" (easy to get stuff done, lots of support); goes downhill after that
Antagonistic Factors 3 Separation of Powers - Constitution power, institutional loyalty, need to work together
Antagonistic Factors 4 Structure of Congress - No direct leader, committee system, rules, bicameral in satisfying both houses
Mitigating Factors 1 Nature of the Times - Crisis cooperation btwn President & Congress
Mitigating Factors 2 Public Prestige - More popular, more successful in Congress; prestige goes down the longer you're in
Mitigating Factors 3 Party Control - Which one controls which branch
Mitigating Factors 4 Legislative Leadership - Bargain with them to get bills passed, budget, personal issues.
Role of Chief of Staff 1 Control flow of peeps in Oval Office
Role of Chief of Staff 2 Manage flow of info
Role of Chief of Staff 3 Protect interests of President
Role of Chief of Staff 4 Negotiate with Congress (and other members of Exec. Branch to implement President's agenda)
Role of Chief of Staff 5 Select key White House staff and supervise
Role of Chief of Staff 6 Structure White House staff system
Primaries Party voters can express preference for presidential nomination and select a delegates for National Convention
Primary Process 1 By function: Delegate selection/Presidential Preference
Primary Process 2 By vote method: Winner-takes-all , proportional, compromise
Primary Process 3 By definition of a party: Open/closed/blanket
6 Basic Functions Performed by Legislature (1) Congress lays out laws and enforces them
6 Basic Functions Performed by Legislature (2) Oversees Exec. Branch, agencies of Exec. branch and Judicial branch and subcommittees of Congress
6 Basic Functions Performed by Legislature (3) Educate public of laws and roles that must be followed
6 Basic Functions Performed by Legislature (4) Represents people of districts/states they serve
6 Basic Functions Performed by Legislature (5) Determines who can be member of Supreme Court, Congress, and Exec. Branch
6 Basic Functions Performed by Legislature (6) Leadership selection of Congress, committee and other special commissions
Limits of Congressional Power (1) May not delegate its legislative power
Limits of Congressional Power (2) Laws passed by Congress should not be vague
Limits of Congressional Power (3) May not make law through initiative or referendums
Limits of Congressional Power (4) Congress can't give self power that isn't stated in Constitution
Limits of Congressional Power (5) We have a Bill of Rights and natural rights as a citizen
Limits of Congressional Power (6) Cannot pass laws or bills of attainder or ex post facto law
6 Powers of the Speaker of the House of Reps. (1) Presiding Officer of House
6 Powers of the Speaker of the House of Reps. (2) Enforces rules of House
6 Powers of the Speaker of the House of Reps. (3) Power to recognize people to speak on floor of House
6 Powers of the Speaker of the House of Reps. (4) Refer bills to committees in which jurisdiction lays and can call for vote on questions on the floor during debate
6 Powers of the Speaker of the House of Reps. (5) Appointment of select committees to work on bills
6 Powers of the Speaker of the House of Reps. (6) Appoint members to major committee assignments and coordinate committee system
How Committee System Works (1) Standing Committee - Considers bills and issues and recommends measures for consideration by House
How Committee System Works (2) Select Committee - Usually established to conduct investigations/studies
How Committee System Works (3) Joint Committee - Made up of members of both chambers. Conduct studies and perform housekeeping tasks.
How Committee System Works (4) Subcommittee - Responsible to and work with guidelines established by parent committees
How Committee System Works (5) Committee of the Whole - All Reps. serve and meet in House Chamber for consideration of measure from Union Calendar
How Committee System Works (6) Conference Committee - Consists of members of both chambers to resolve disagreements on a particular bill.
How Standing Committee Works (1) Can't serve as Chair of Standing Committee and chair more than one subcommittee
How Standing Committee Works (2) Full Committee decides who will sit on that subcommittee as Chair and members
How Standing Committee Works (3) Full Committee Chair is required to refer bills to appropriate subcommittee for discussion
How Standing Committee Works (4) All committees w/more than 20 members must form at least 4 subcommittees to solve probs
How Standing Committee Works (5) Subcommittee leaders can hire own personal staffer to work on subcommittee
How Standing Committee Works (6) Chair of subcommittees on House side has to get approval from caucus prior to moving bills out of subcommittee which affect appropriations.
Created by: mcordes