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Unit 2 Flash Cards

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
enumerated powers given to the federal government only
concurrent those powers shared by the national and state governments
executive branch of government that enforces the laws
Preamble the introduction to the Constitution that states the goals for government
Amendment any change to the Constitution
Separation of Powers the ideas that government should be divided into 3 branches to avoid abuse of power
Charters of the Virginia Company of London established that the rights of Englishmen would be guaranteed to the colonists
elastic clause gives Congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its duties
Virginia Declaration of Rights powers given to state governments only
Legislative Branch served as the model for the Bill of Rights of the US Constitution
Ratification to approve. The Constitution was ratified in June 1788
Declaration of Independence established and listed the unalienable rights of all men, colonial grievances against the king, the idea of equality under the law, and the colonies' independence from Great Britain
Judicial Branch the branch of government that interprets the laws
Articles of Confederation established the 1st form of national government for the independent states, allowing the states to keep the major powers of government
articles the 7 sections of the Confederation following the Preamble
constitution established structure of the present national government of the US
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom established freedom of religious beliefs and opinions, serving as the basis for part of the 1st Amendment to the Constitution
Checks & Balances a system in which each branch of government is able to limit the power of the other branches
Shay's Rebellion 1 of the final events proving the weakness of the Articles of Confederation and leading to the convention to revise the Articles
Created by: Charles F.
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