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SOC Unit 3 Test 2021

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian Sociology Unit 3 "Culture" Test Flashcards 2021

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "social conflict" mean? This term means "A struggle between segments of society over valued resources".
What are "social institutions"? These are "the major spheres of human life, or societal subsystems, organized to meet human needs".
What does the term "false consciousness" according to Karl Marx? This term relates to "explanations of social problems as the shortcomings of individuals, rather than flaws in society".
What did Max Weber emphasize when explaining how society works? Weber emphasized ideas - how a societies' members think about the world - instead of materialism (like Karl Marx did).
To make comparisons, Max Weber utilized "ideal types". What are these? These are "abstract statements of the essential characteristics of any social phenomenon".
What does "rationality" mean? "Deliberate, matter of fact calculations of the most efficient means to accomplish a particular task".
"Postindustrialism" "Refers to technology that supports an information - based economy."
"Culture" The values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects, that, together, form a people's 'way of life'.
"Nonmaterial Culture" The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society.
"Material Culture" The tangible things created by members of a society.
"Values" Culturally defined standards by which people assess desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad guidelines for social living.
"Beliefs" Specific statements that people hold to be true.
"Norms" Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members.
"Folkways" Norms for routine, casual interaction.
"Subculture" Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.
"Counterculture" Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely held by society.
"Popular Culture" Cultural patterns that are wide - spread among a society's population.
"Social Control" Various means by which members of a society encourage conformity to norms.
What do Functionalist Theorists believe about the role of "culture" in society? This group of theorists believes that popular culture is the "glue" that hold society together. People from all backgrounds come together to participate in pop. culture activities such as sporting events or concerts.
What is one (1) weakness of the Functionalist Theory about culture? One weakness of this group's theory of culture is that it "overemphasizes harmony and cooperation".
What is one (1) strength of the Functionalist Theory about culture? One strength of this group's theory of culture is its focus on the needs of society and the fact that stability is essential for society's continued survival.
What do Conflict Theorists believe about the role of "culture" in society? This group of theorists believes that values & norms help create and sustain the privileged position of the powerful in society while excluding others.
What is one (1) weakness of the Conflict Theory of culture? One weakness of this group's theory of culture is its focus on societal discord and the divisiveness of culture.
What is one (1) strength of the Conflict Theory of culture? One strength of this group's theory of culture is that it highlights the inevitability of change and the constant tension between those who want to maintain the status quo & those who want to change it.
Which group of social theorists believes in the idea of "culture" as a "commodity"? The Conflict Theorists believe this. They think of "culture" as something that is "outside ourselves that we purchase to satisfy our human needs or wants".
What do Symbolic Interactionist Theorists believe about the role of "culture" in society? This group of theorists believes that "people create, maintain, and modify culture as they go about their everyday activities. Symbols make communication w/others possible due to shared meanings".
What is one (1) weakness of the Symbolic Interactionist Theory of "culture"? One weakness of this group's theory of culture is that is "does not provide a systematic framework for analyzing how we shape culture & how it, in turn, shapes us".
What is one (1) strength of the Symbolic Interactionist Theory of "culture"? One strength of this group's theory of culture is that is "highlights how people maintain and change culture through their interactions with others".
What do Postmodernist Theorists believe about the role of "culture" in society? This group of theorists believes that "the world of 'culture' today is based on simulation, not reality. Everyday life has been captured by signs & symbols generated that represent it, & we relate to simulations & models as if they were reality".
What is one (1) weakness of the Postmodernist Theory of "culture"? One weakness of this group's theory of "culture" is that it "lacks a clear conceptualization of ideas". Also, that postmodern "analyses of culture leads to profound pessimism about the future".
What is one (1) strength of the Postmodernist Theory of "culture"? One strength of this group's theory of "culture" is that they "make us aware of the fact that no single perspective can grasp the complexity & diversity of the social world".
What is one (1) example of the difference between material and non - material culture? One example of this is the Statue of Liberty. The statue itself is an object - part of our material culture. But, the idea of liberty, which the statue represents, is part of the non - material culture.
What does the term "cultural lag" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a gap between the technical development of a society and its moral and legal institutions".
What does the term "homogenous societies" mean/ refer to? This term refers to societies that include "people who share a common culture & who are typically from similar social, religious, political, & economic backgrounds".
What does the term "heterogeneous societies" mean/ refer to? This term refers to societies that "include people who are dissimilar in regard to social characteristics such as religion, income, or race/ethnicity".
When does "cultural lag" occur? This phenomena occurs when "material culture changes faster than non-material culture".
What is the difference between "ideal culture" and "real culture"? "Ideal culture" refers to the values & standards of behavior that people in a society say are important, while "real culture" refers to the values & behavioral standards that people actually follow.
What does the term "language" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a set of symbols that expresses ideas & enables people to think & communicate with one another".
What does the term "symbol" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "anything that meaningfully represents something else".
Give one (1) example of a social symbol. One example of this would be flags. These can stand for "patriotism, nationalism, school spirit, or religious beliefs".
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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