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Staar facts 1-25

TermDefinition
1. Representative government A system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
2. republic A nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them
3. House of burgesses The first representative assembly in the new world
4. Three branches of government Legislative , judicial , executive
5. Magna carta Signed in 1215 by king john was the first document that limited power of the ruler , and gave power of trial by jury
6. English bill of rights Basis for the american bill of rights
7. Mayflower compact An agreement signed in 1620 by the pilgrims in plymoth to promise and work together to make laws in order for the colony to succeed
8. Jamestown First permanent English settlement founded in 1607
9. Plymoth Colony settled in 1620 by the pilgrims
10. Christopher columbus Set sail in 1492
11. Caravel Fast ship used in exploration
12. Astrolobe Navigational instrument used to plot stars
13 . mercantilism Economic theory that a country can profit off of trading goods
14. Free enterprise The freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation
15. Primary source Original records of an event . EX - Eyewitness reports , speeches , letters , photographs , and artifacts
16. Secondary source Writings and interpretations made by historians , found from primary sources . EX- textbooks
17. Fundamental orders of conneticut First written consitituion in america
18. Middle colonies New York , Pennsylvania, Delaware , new jersey
19. Southern colonies Georgia , Virginia , north Carolina , south Carolina , maryland
20 . new england colonies Connecticut , Massachusetts, new Hampshire, Rhode island
21 . puritans Wanted to reform the english church
22. Seperatists Wanted to start their own church (also puritans)
23. Proprietary colony Colony run by individuals or group who was granted land
24. Joint stock company Colony in which investors buy stock in the company in return a share of its future profits
25. Royal colony A colony run by the governor or appointed official by the king or queen
Created by: S780792