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CPPS Sup. Ct. set 1

AP Govt. CPHS Supreme Ct. cases Set #1 #19921

Baker v. Carr (1962) Watershed case establishing the principle of one-person, one-vote, which requires that each legislative district within a state have the same number of eligible voters so that representation is equitably based on population.
Wesberry v. Sanders (1964) Established the principal of one person, one vote for congressional districts.
U.S. v. Nixon (1974) In a case involving President Richard M. Nixon's refusal to turn over tape recordings of his conversations, the Court ruled that executive privilege does not grant the president an absolute right to secure all presidential documents.
McConnell v. FEC (2003) Ruled the Campaign Finance Reform Act of 2002 doesn't violate the First Amendment's free speech clause (restriction was minimal when compared to regulating corruption in campaign finances)
U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton (1995) States do not have the authority to enact term limits for federal elected officials.
Shaw v. Reno (1993) First in a series of redistricting cases: The Court ruled that districts created with race as the dominant consideration violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Reynolds v. Sims (1964) In this case, the Court decided that every person should have an equally weighted vote in electing governmental officials.
Clinton v. City of New York (1988) The Court ruled that the line-item veto was unconstitutional because it gave powers to the president denied him by the U.S. Constitution
Avery v. Midland (1968) The Court delcared that the one-person, one-vote standard applied to counties as well as to congressional and state legislative districts.
Buckley v. Valeo (1976) The Court ruled that money spent by an individual or political committee in support or opposition of a candidate (but independent of the candidate's campaign) was a form of symbolic speech, and therefore could not be limited under the First Amendment.
Created by: cbolthouse