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US History Unit 2


Gettysburg Address This was given by Lincoln and placed the Civil War into the historical context of the American fight for freedom
The Emancipation Proclamation Legally freed all slaves in rebellious Confederate states
Civil War Military Technology repeating weapons, pistol & rifle, cannons, iron & steel technology, formation (low to ground and behind cover)
Sharecroppers Many freedmen and poor whites went to work on the large plantations. These people rented and farmed a plot of land. Planters provided seed, fertilizer, and tools in return for a share of the crop at harvest time
Carpetbaggers Uncomplimentary name for a Northerner who went to the South after the war
Scalawags Southern Republicans who were considered traitors for helping the North
13th Amendment Abolished slavery
14th Amendment Declared former slaves to be citizens with the same rights
15th Amendment Citizens can't be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition. Protects the right to vote
Missouri Compromise Missouri was a slave state and Maine was free. It divided the Louisiana Territory with slavery legal in the south, but no in the north.
Marbury vs Madison Judicial Review. 1803 case in which Justice Marshall first asserted the right of the Supreme Court do determine meaning of the Constitution
Louisiana Purchase Led by Lewis and Clark in which it doubled the size of the US. Known as the biggest real estate deal for US.
Abolition Movement to end slavery
Spoils system Jackson - political power for all classes. Gives government jobs to supporters
Monroe Doctrine A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere
Indian Removal Act 1830, authorizing the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River to lands in the West. Removal treaties Cherokee would not sign. Supreme court upheld, Jefferson ignored court
Nullification Southerners (Calhoun) declared federal protective tariffs null and void, Sovereign state could proclaim laws unconstitutional
The fugitive slave act paid federal commissioners were appointed and given authority to issue warrants, gather, possess and force citizens to help catch runaway slaves; the slaves could not testify on their own behalf, "Man-Stealing Law". shocked moderates
Underground railroad a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to choose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Created by: PLHShistory1