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Chapter 5 Review

great review for Chapter 5 Test

What is interstate commerce? trade between two or more states
What were Daniel Shays and his men protesting? high taxes and heavy debts
Shays's Rebellion led most Americans to call for a stronger _______ ___________. central government
Why did the Annapolis Convention of 1786 fail to answer the needs of the nation? many delegates did not attend the convention
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? the improve the Articles of Confederation
Why didn't women, African Americans, and Native Americans not take part in the Constitutional Convention? they did not have the rights of citizenship
What was the Three-Fifths Compromise? determined how many representatives a state would have in the Congress by counting three-fifths of the state's slave population
Why did many delegates from the southern states threaten to leave the Union? because there was talk that the Constitution might ban slave trade
What is the purpose of the system called checks and balances? the keep any branch of government from becoming too powerful
What is federalism? the sharing of power between a central government and the states of a country
What is the Bill of Rights? it was added to the Constitution to protect citizens' rights
What is an amendment? an official change
What branch of government is responsible for interpreting the laws? judicial branch
Who was the Federalist who attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia's Independence Hall? James Madison
What agreement created a two-house legislature? Great Compromise
This person opposed the Constitution because it did not have a section protecting individual rights? George Mason
What is an official change to the constitution called? amendment
What does federalism mean? sharing of power between central and state governments
What branch of government proposes and passes the laws? legislative branch
What was created to protect the rights of all citizens? Bill of Rights
What is popular sovereignty? the idea that political power belongs to the people
What was the purpose of the Magna Carta? it required British royalty to obey the same laws as the British people
The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom was one of the earliest expressions of which basic principle of American government? separation of church and state
What does ratification mean? official approval
What did the Articles of Confederation establish? the first national government of the U.S.
How did the Articles of Confederation make it difficult for Congress to protect the nation against foreign threats? the articles made it impossible to force states to provide soldiers
What procedure did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 establish? admission of a state into the Union
Why did Congress decide to pass the Land Ordinance of 1785, which divided western lands into townships? Congress wanted to sell lots to the public to pay the nation's debts
Created by: shawna_westbrook



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