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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian Honors Hist. Unit 2 Test 2021

____________________ were Colonists who agreed to work for several years in tobacco fields without pay in exchange for their transatlantic voyage. Indentured servants.
What products did the New England colonies produce that made them the second largest "economic powerhouse" among the 13 Colonies? Whales/ whale oil
What product made Virginia the number one economic powerhouse among the 13 Colonies? (Spanish) tobacco.
List the names of the four (4) New England Colonies. 1.) Rhode Island; 2.) New Hampshire; 3.) Connecticut; 4.) Massachusetts
List the names of the four (4) Middle Colonies. 1.) New York; 2.) New Jersey; 3.) Pennsylvania; 4.) Delaware.
List the names of the five (5) Southern Colonies. 1.) Virginia; 2.) Maryland; 3.) North Carolina; 4.) South Carolina; 5.) Georgia.
What does the term "Enlightenment" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a 16th century intellectual movement that began in Europe and spread to the Colonies.
What did Enlightenment Thinkers believe where religion was concerned? This group of people believed in "Deism".
List three (3) beliefs of the Deist religion. 1.) This group believed that the universe operated according to logical, natural laws, without divine intervention; 2.) They also denied the existence of miracles after Creation; 3.) Rejected the value of prayer "in this rational universe".
Who was Jean - Jacques Rousseau? He was an Enlightenment thinker and Social Contract theorist.
What does the term "Social Contract" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that people must surrender some of their natural rights in exchange for protection of their personal rights & privileges.
What was the economic system of the Middle Colonies centered around? These Colonies had an economy centered around agriculture - especially grains such as wheat. This is what earned this region the nickname the "bread basket" colonies.
List two (2) non-agricultural, economic activities that took place in the Middle Colonies. 1.) Manufacturing iron ore products such as cooking pots and nails; 2.) Mills for grinding wheat into flour.
What was the economic system of the Southern Colonies centered around? These Colonies had an economy centered around agriculture - particularly the growth of crops that were considered "labor intensive" (EX: cotton).
What was one (1) huge advantage the the New England Colonies had over the Middle and Southern Colonies where its economic structure was concerned? These Colonies were largely unaffected by weather events (such as droughts). They were able to go whaling during any season of the year, providing them with a consistent source of income.
Why did some farmers in the Southern Colonies turn to plantation agriculture? Some did this in the hopes that - if a weather event such as a drought - occurred, at least SOME crops would survive, providing them with a little income.
What group of people in the Colonies were able to afford books written by European Enlightenment thinkers? Wealthy Colonists were the only ones able to afford books written by this group of people. This meant that wealthy New England Colonists were most affected by Enlightenment ideas.
List one (1) example of a situation in which religious toleration was NOT practiced by Colonists. One instance of this was the fact that Catholics were not allowed to vote or hold office once Rhode Island took these rights away from their Colonists in 1729.
What does the term "established churches" mean/ refer to? This term refers to Colonial churches that were supported by taxes.
List the names of the two (2) preachers who were stirred to build "log colleges" to train "fiery" preachers when the Great Awakening started. 1,) William Tennent Jr.; 2.) Theodore Frelinghuysen
What event "sparked" the events known as the "Great Awakening"? When two preachers noticed that preachers in local churches - especially in the New England Colonies - had turned to "cold preaching" (intellectual, not Spiritual, sermons).
Who was Jonathan Edwards? He was a preacher who had been trained at a "log college" during the Great Awakening. He decided to begin holding religious revivals in Massachusetts since he saw it as the area where the most people had left their churches.
Who was George Whitefield? He was a revivalist preacher who conducted religious revivals beginning in South Carolina and going north, all the way to Maine. Felt that ALL of the Colonies needed to hear his revivalist message.
What is the difference between "Old Light" and "New Light" Congregationalists? "Old Light" = Preferred the older style of preaching; "New Light" = Preferred the preaching style practiced by revivalists during the "Great Awakening".
Did poor Colonists tend to be "Old Light" or "New Light" Congregationalists? These Colonists tended to side with "Old Light" Congregationalists.
What was the House of Burgesses? First locally elected legislative body in the Colonies.
List three (3) facts that we learned about Colonial governors who held office during the period we are studying. 1.) They were appointed by King George; 2.) Often, they were chosen only because they were loyal to the king, not because they were good administrators; 3.) They tended to have lax enforcement policies where Colonial law was concerned.
What does the term "salutary neglect" mean/ refer to? This term meant that the government was satisfied with lax enforcement of most regulations as long as the Colonies remained dutifully loyal in military & economic matters.
What does the term "corporate colony" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "self-governing Colonies that were not directly under the control of proprietors or the Crown (i.e. the king or queen of England).
List the names of the two (2) "corporate colonies". 1.) Connecticut; 2.) Rhode Island.
List the four (4) powers that were granted to local (i.e. Colonial) assemblies. 1.) Authority to raise taxes; 2.) Authority to pay government salaries; 3.) Authority to direct the care of the poor; 4.) Authority to maintain roads and bridges.
What did Colonists believe based on the fact that local assemblies had been granted certain powers by the Crown (i.e. the king or queen of England)? Colonists believed that this indicated the acceptance of a two-tiered system of government: a central government, based in England, that created & executed imperial policy & local governments to manage Colonial domestic affairs.
What did British leaders believe where the idea of a two-tiered system of Colonial government was concerned? This group of people believed that this system did not exist. They said that Colonial Assemblies had NOT been granted a share of the British government's sovereign power.
What was the French and Indian War called in Europe? This war was called the Seven Years' War.
What was largely responsible for triggering the French and Indian War? This war was triggered by the settlement of English Colonists in the Ohio River Valley. This angered the French, who had plans to connect Louisiana and Canada with a chain of ports, trading posts, religious missions.
What was the Albany Plan of Union? This was an attempt by 7 Colonial representatives to unite the Colonies and organize a united defense against attacks by the French and their Native American allies. This plan failed.
List two (2) of the outcomes of the French and Indian War/ 1.) The French surrendered all of their lands west of the Mississippi River to the British; 2.) France gave control of Louisiana to Spain.
List the name of the treaty that ended the French and Indian War. The name of this treaty was the Treaty of Paris of 1763.
List the names of two (2) Native American tribes that became involved in the French and Indian War. 1.) The Cherokee; 2.) The Iroquois.
What did Colonial leaders hope would happen when they rejected the Albany Plan of Union? This group of people hoped that the British government would act on their behalf and defend them, which they did.
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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