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Chapter 3

America in the British Empire

Mercantilism A number of loosely related policies
favorable balance of trade Selling more than you import.
enumerated articles -sugar, tobacco, cotton and indigo - that the English colonies could export only to England in the 17th century
salutary neglect looking the other way when Americans violated the Navigation Acts.
Deism The belief that God has created the universe but remains apart from it and permits his creation to administer itself through natural laws.
provincials an inhabitant of a province of a country or empire.
direct and indirect taxation A direct taxation is levy that is both imposed and collected on a specific group of people or organizations.. Indirect taxation collected from someone or some organization other than the person or entity that would normally be responsible for the taxes.
boycott withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.
Navigation Acts Laws enacted by Parliament were designed to bring money into the Royal Treasury, to develop the imperial merchant fleet,to channel the flow of colonial raw materials into England, and to keep foreign goods and vessels out of colonial ports.
Iron and Wool Acts Law to guide the Iron and Wool industry in a certain direction not destroy it.
Great Awakening 1740s as a result of religious development that originated in Europe
Enlightenment A time of new understanding of the natural world and a mode of thought that implied that impersonal, scientific laws governed the behavior of all matter, animate and inanimate.
Treaty of Paris (1763) France abandoned all claim to North America Great Britain took over Canada and the eastern half of the Mississippi Valley, Spain got back the Philippine Islands and Cuba.
Pontiac’s Rebellion A final attempt to drive white out by the Indians but had failed
Proclamation of 1763 Forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
Sugar Act Placed a tariff(tax) on sugar, coffee,wines, and other imported into America in substantial amounts.
Stamp Act Placed a stiff excise taxes on all kinds of printed matter.
Declaratory Act Parliament could enact any law it wished “to bind the colonies and people of america”.
Circular Letter statement written by Samuel Adams and passed by the Massachusetts House of Representatives in February 1768 in response to the Townshend Acts.
Boston Massacre British soldiers open fired to a friendly protest but not killing only injuring Paul Revere a radical using this act of violence to help boil up the revolution.
Boston Tea Party The dumping of British imported tea.
Coercive/Intolerable Acts as the American Patriot's' name for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament after the Boston Tea Party.
Continental Association system created by the First Continental Congress in 1774 for implementing a trade boycott with Great Britain.
George Whitefield A young Oxford trained Anglican Minister went on a series of fundraising tours sets an epidemic of religious emotionalism.
Old and New light Those who favored revivalism were known as the New Light and old lights supported incumbent ministers.
Jonathan Edwards The most famous native born revivalist of the Great Awakening.”Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God” most famous Sermon.
Five Nations The powerful Iroquois confederation of New York.
William Pitt George Grenville served as Prime Minister from 16 April 1763 to 10 July 1765.
Patrick Henry Patrick Henry was an American attorney, planter and politician who became known as an orator during the movement for independence in Virginia in the 1770s
Sons of Liberty organization of American colonists that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies. The society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government.
John Dickinson John Dickinson was an American lawyer and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware.
Committees of correspondence shadow governments organized by the Patriot leaders of the Thirteen Colonies on the eve of the American Revolution.
First Continental Congress meeting of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies that met on September 5 to October 26, 1774 at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution.
Joseph Galloway Joseph Galloway was an American politician. Galloway became a Loyalist during the American War of Independence, after serving as delegate to the First Continental Congress from Pennsylvania.
Created by: Max Stacks



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