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BC: Nucleotides

Biochemistry, Medicine, Phase 1

QuestionAnswer
Nucleic acids polymers of nucleotides; includes both DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) storage of genetic information
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) conversion of genetic information into proteins
Nucleotides pentose sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine (AGCT) nitrogenous bases that make up DNA
Adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil (AGCU) nitrogenous bases that make up RNA
ribosome, deoxyribose two types of pentose sugars involved with genetics
Backbone of DNA made up of alternative sugar and phosphate molecules
Complementary strand what every strand of DNA has
Hydrogen bonds bonds formed between nitrogenous bases
Helical structure of DNA
mRNA, rRNA, tRNA types of RNA
mRNA messenger RNA; copy of gene, template for protein synthesis
rRNA ribosomal RNA; structural component of the ribosome (protein synthesis machinery)
tRNA transport RNA; transport molecule for amino acids, ensure sequene of proteins encoded in mRNA is decoded
transcription mRNA synthesis
translation synthesis of protein based on encoded information on mRNA
RNA vs. DNA RNA is smaller and single strand
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) major energy molecule in cell; bonds between phosphates are high-energy when proken
ATP equation ADP + energy
Creating ATP ADP + phosphate + energy
Created by: emmaallde