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ATJ US CONSTITUTION2

US CONSTITUTION

QuestionAnswer
Describe the difference between a direct democracy and a representative democracy. Direct Democracy: all citizens vote on every issue; Representative Democracy: citizens choose a representative to vote for them
How does a classical liberal system protect the rights of citizens? By providing free and fair elections.
How might the Great Awakening have caused the American Revolution? New religious ideas inspired the colonists to demand political equality
Which documents concerning democracy preceded the Declaration of Independence? Magna Carta Mayflower Compact English Bill of Rights Declaration of Independence
Which Enlightenment thinker influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence? John Locke
What unalienable rights do all men possess? Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness
What is the purpose of government as stated in the preamble of the Constitution? -        create a better union -        insure domestic tranquility -        establish justice -        provide for the common defense -        promote the general welfare -        secure the blessings of liberty
Which Enlightenment thinker influenced the writing of the Constitution? Baron de Montesquieu
Define federalism. Sharing of power between the state and federal governments.
Which parliamentary tradition was incorporated into the Constitution? Bicameral legislature
According to Pericles, What makes a “state” great? Civic Participation
Define republic. Representative Democracy
Define social contract. An agreement between the people and their government. The people agree to follow the laws and the government agrees to protect their rights.
How was the Mayflower Compact unique in its thinking? It assumed that people could govern themselves
What is the main theme of the Declaration of Independence? The right of the people to overthrow a tyrannical government
Which civic duty is necessary to ensure “due process” for all Americans? Jury duty
Where does the Constitution get its authority to rule? The people (Popular Soveriegnty)
Define majority rule. Everyone follows the agreements (decisions) made by most of the group
How was suffrage restricted in early state constitutions? -  men over 21 -  land owners
How do citizens determine who will lead our government? Voting in elections
How might Shay’s Rebellion have caused the writing of the Constitution? It demonstrated the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
What was the original goal of the Constitutional Convention? To revise the Articles of Confederation
How did the Constitution correct the problems of the Articles of Confederation? It took power from the states and gave it to the federal government.
How did George Washington contribute to the writing of the Constitution? He was the president of the convention.
What major conflict did the Great Compromise resolve? How did it satisfy both large and small states? It resolved the issue of representation. There would be a bicameral (two houses) legislature. Representation in the upper house would be equal. Representation in the lower house would be determined by population.
Define three-fifths clause. Three-fifths of the slave population would count when determining state population.
How was the conflict of slavery resolved? Slavery was not prohibited or protected by the Constitution.
What were the Anti-federalists demanding before ratifying the Constitution? A Bill of Rights
What conflict did the Tenth Amendment resolve? Balancing power between the state governments and the federal governments
How do the Federalist Papers benefit Americans in understanding the Constitution today? They explain the ideas found in the Constitution
What is the main purpose of the legislative branch? To make laws.
Define bicameral. A two-chamber legislature
Who has the power to declare war? Congress (legislative branch)
What is the main purpose of the executive branch? To enforce laws
How is the President elected? By the Electoral College
What is the purpose of the judicial branch? To interpret laws.
Define checks and balances. A system designed to keep any one branch of the government from becoming too powerful
How can the President check Congress? - vetoing a bill that congress has passed
How can Congress check the President? '-        impeachment -        controlling spending -        overriding a veto
How can the Supreme Court check Congress? Judicial Review
Where are the fundamental liberties of citizens defined in the Constitution? Amendments I-X, Bill of Rights
Who is responsible for drafting the Bill of Rights? James Madison
Define amendment. An official change or addition to a legal document (Constitution)
Which document is the First Amendment based upon? Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Define “freedom of the press”. Right to express yourself
Which document is the Fifth Amendment based upon? Magna Carta
Which amendments describe the procedure of trying people accused of crimes? 5, 6, 7 & 8
Which amendments are the result of the Civil War? Briefly describe each. 13, 14 & 15
Which amendment extended suffrage to women? 19
Created by: ajohns3309