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Early Man Vocabulary

Archaeology The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains
Anthropology The study of humankind/ human societies and cultures and their development
Carbon Dating a scientific way of finding the age of something that is very old (such as a dinosaur bone) by measuring the amount of certain forms of carbon in it
Fossil the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock
Prehistory the period of time before written records
Artifact a human-made object, such as a tool, weapon, or a piece of jewelry
Civilization a form of culture characterized by cities, specialized workers, complex institutions', record keeping, and advanced technology
Clan a group of people descended from a common ancestor
Domestication the taming of animals for human use
Hominid a member of a biological group including human beings and related species that walk upright
Homo Sapiens the biological species to which modern human beings belong
Hunter-Gatherer a member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods
Neolithic Age prehistoric period that began about 8000 B.C. and in some areas ended as early as 3000 B.C., during which people learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops, and raise animals -- also called the New Stone Age
Neolithic Revolution the major change in human life caused by the beginnings of farming--that is, by people's shift from food gathering to food producing
Nomad a member of a group that has no permanent home, wandering from place to place in search of food and water
Paleolithic Age a prehistoric period that lasted from about 2,500,000 to 8000 B.C., during which people made use of crude stone tools and weapons==also called the Old Stone Age
Created by: SydneyNovak