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8th Chap 2 Explorers

Chapter 2 Exploring the Americas

An instrument that measures the position of the stars astrolabe
Invented by the Chinese and then passed on to the Europeans by the Arabs in the 1200s magnetic compass
A three-masted ship developed by the Portuguese in the late 1400s caravel
Economic theory that a nation's power was based on its wealth mercantilism
Early Spanish explorers in the Americas conquistadors
Landed in Mexico in 1519, completed conquest of Aztec in 1521 Hernan Cortes
Discovered strait around southern tip of South America in 1520; some of crew completed first circumnavigation of globe Ferdinand Magellan
Landed in Florida in 1513 hoping to find the legendary "fountain of youth" Juan Ponce de Leon
Discovered and sailed up the Hudson River in 1609 Henry Hudson
Captured the Inca ruler, Atahualpa, in 1532, and gained control of most of the Inca Empire within a few years Francisco Pizarro
Brought astronomers, geographers, and mathematicians to share their knowledge with Portuguese sailors and shipbuilders Henry the Navigator
Led three-year expedition through southeastern United States; crossed the Mississippi River in 1541 Hernando de Soto
Sailed around Africa and across the Indian Ocean, reaching India in 1498 Vasco da Gama
Rediscovered Newfoundland for England John Cabot
Sailed around southern tip of Africa (Cape of Good Hope) in 1487 Bartholomeu Dias
Led expedition through northern Mexico, Arizona, and New Mexico hoping to find the legendary "Seven Cities of Cibola" Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
Reached the Bahamas in 1492; went ashore on a small island, named it San Salvador Christopher Columbus
Crossed the mountains in Panama in 1513 and discovered the Pacific Ocean Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Explored coast of North America from present-day Novia Scotia to the Carolinas in 1524 Giovanni da Verrazano
Created by: veroncia.crim
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