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Chapter 2 Test-LA

The way of life of a group of people, shaped by their ideas, beliefs, customs, and behavior culture
The art and science of designing and constructing buildings architecture
The process in which new customs blend with older ideas and practices to form entirely new cultural expressions cultural diffusion
a scholar who studies communities and helps identify areas where similar pasts and patterns make a region distinct from its surroundings cultural anthropologist
relating to a city urban
French Canadians who came to Louisiana beginning in the 1760s; called Cajuns for short Acadians
A group of people who are or who consider themselves to be different from other members of their community based on factors like where they came from, their racial identity, and cultural, religious, and linguistic similarities ethnic group[
a relatively modern term that refers to all people descended from the Africans brought to North America during its colonial and early national periods African Americans
a person who came into Louisiana from the colonies established by the English; they descended from English-speaking migrants (English, Irish, and Scots-Irish) to North America Anglo
someone born in the New World; in its earliest usage, someone born in a colony, not the nation that claimed that colony; in colonial Louisiana, anyone born in Louisiana whose descendants were from another place (possibly France, Spain, or Africa) Creole
a Spanish-speaking person; they came to Louisiana beginning in the 1760s from the Canary Islands and the Málaga region of Spain, and from Latin America Hispanic
a Spanish-speaking person who immigrated from the Canary Islands and settled in St. Bernard Parish Isleno
a food commonly associated with Louisiana; a thick soup or stew served over rice, usually prepared with duck, sausage, or seafood or just with vegetables in gumbo z’herbes gumbo
a Louisiana dish that includes rice and a combination of meat, seafood, and sausage, and sometimes tomato; similar to Spanish paella jambalaya
a form of lively dance music created by black Creoles in rural southwest Louisiana; features fiddles, accordions, and a percussion instrument called a froittoir zydeco
a type of music with origins in songs and chants of slaves and sharecroppers as they worked in plantation fields; later the guitar, harmonica, and electric guitar accompanied the songs blues
an important American art form that grew out of the creations of African American and Italian American musicians in New Orleans at the beginning of the twentieth century; it evolved over time and spread all over the world jazz
Louisiana’s most famous festival; its season of parades and balls begins on Epiphany and continues through Fat Tuesday, the day before Ash Wednesday, which is the first day of Lent Mardi Gras
What did the earliest festivals celebrate? harvests
What religious season is preceded by Mardi Gras? Lent
What ethnic group is included in the Anglo culture? Scots-Irish
What is one of the primary Native American tribes that remains in Louisiana today? Houma tribe
What cultural group first used crawfish as food? Cajun
What cultural group is associated with OktoberFest? German
Which of the following is most similar to Cajun music? zydeco
Which of the following is a religious ceremony held at the Shrimp Festival? Blessing of the Fleet
Which of these does not form a water boundary for Louisiana? Red River
Which of the following instruments is most likely to be played by a zydeco band? rub board
Where are you most likely to find a “second line”? jazz funeral
What attracted the Acadians to Louisiana? French culture
Which city is home to the Crawfish Festival? Breaux Bridge
Which city is home to the Festival of Lights? Natchitoches
Which city is home to the Strawberry Festival? Ponchatoula
Know where the 7 largest cities are located.
Know where the 5 cultural regions are located.
Name 3 ways culture is expressed. architecture, religious beliefs, & customs
When you see a large, fancy home, next to a river, that belongs to a farmer, you assume it is located in __________________. plantation country
Which 2 would be considered cultural contributions of the African people to Louisiana? I. Poverty Point Museum II. Blues Music III. Cultivating rice, corn, cotton, tobacco, indigo IV. Infrastructure of New Orleans V. Roman Catholicism II & III
What were the cash crops of the Plantation Country? cotton and sugar
Which industry grew because of the Croatian immigration? oyster
Created by: Colleen Frazier