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BH 5th Grade- SS

Maps and Globes Vocabulary

hemisphere half a sphere, divides the world into 4 spheres; northern, southern, eastern, western
continent large body of land, there are 7 continents; Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, Antartica
country has own government and definite boundaries, usually a single language and common customs
longitude imaginary vertical lines measuring the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian
latitude an imaginary horizontal line measuring the distance north or south of the equator
Prime Meridian longitude line at 0 (zero) degrees, divides the eastern and western hemispheres
Equator latitude line at 0 (zero) degrees, divides the northern and southern hemispheres
cardinal directions north, south, east, west
intermediate directions northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest
compass rose picture illustrating cardinal and intermediate directions
key explains what symbols on a map stand for
scale explains the relationship between distance on earth and the distance on the map
legend same thing as a key - explains the symbols on a map
political map shows the boundaries between states and countries
physical map highlights natural features of a landmass ex: trees, grass, shrubs
relief map a physical map that uses shading to show different areas of the land: mountain, valleys, plains
historical map shows where events took place in the past
elevation map physical maps that use color to show how high or low a landmass is
globe a 3-dimensional map shaped as a sphere, to accurately represent the world
road map shows streets and highways
population density number of people living in an area
land forms shapes on earth's surface - mountains, hills
mountains large raised land, higher than the surrounding areas
island land completely surrounded by water
peninsula area of land almost completely surrounded by water on 3 sides
lake large body of water surrounded by land
peninsula area of land almost completely surrounded by water on 3 sides
lake large body of water surrounded by land
source of a river where a river starts
mouth of a river places where a river flows into another body of water
natural resource materials found in nature that meet the needs and wants of people
conservation careful use and protection of natural resources
non-renewable resources resources that cannot be replaced ex: coal, oil, natural gas used to heat homes can not be used more than once
renewable resources resources that can be replaced ex: forests can grow and grow new trees and shrubs are planted
mineral a substance found in the earth that is neither a plant or an animal ex: iron, copper
fossil fuel fuels formed over millions of years ago from fossils (remains of dead plants/animals)
environment all the surroundings in which people, animals and plants live
pollution something (such as harmful chemicals) that makes our air, soil and water dirty ~littering - gas- smoke - oil in ocean - tar
recycle use something again - a way of conservation
tundra area of grass, moss, plants, and few trees - high latitude locations
Created by: BH 5th Grade



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