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Geography Terms

vocabulary

TermDefinition
archipelago a group of islands
bay a body of sheltered water forming an indentation of the shoreline
butte an isolated hill or mountain rising above the surrounding land
canal a narrow, artificial waterway for navigation
canyon a deep valley with steep sides
channel the deeper navigable part of a river or harbor
continent one of seven main landmasses of the Earth
delta a triangular land form at the mouth of a river where the river flows into another body of water
desert a very arid area of land with little to no rainfall and little to no vegetation
estuary a body of water formed when freshwater from rivers and streams flows into the ocean, mixing with sea water
equator an imaginary line drawn around the Earth that divides it into two hemispheres, northern and southern
geyser a hot spring that emits water and steam into the air
glacier a large area of ice that moves very slowly
gulf a large area of ocean that is partly surrounded by land
harbor a part of a body of water that is protected and is a safe place for ships
hill a naturally raised area of land lower than a mountain
island a piece of land completely surrounded by water
isthmus a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land
lake a large body of water surrounded by land
mesa an isolated flat-topped hill with steep sides
mountain an area of land that rises very high above the land around it; higher than a hill
mountain range a series of mountains closely related in position and direction
mouth the part of a river that flows into a lake, river, reservoir, or ocean
ocean a large body of salt water that covers nearly 3/4 of the Earth's surface
peninsula an area of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
plain a broad area of relatively flat land
plateau a flat, elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side
port a town or a city with a harbor for ships
prairie a large open grassland
reservoir a place where large amounts of water are stored
river a large natural stream of fresh water
strait a narrow passage of water connecting two larger areas of water
tributary a stream that flows into a larger stream or other body of water
tundra a vast, treeless plain near the Arctic circle where the ground is permanently frozen
valley low land between mountains or hills
volcano an opening in the Earth's crust from which lava, ash, and steam escape
Created by: lauraglick
 

 



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