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WSHS C/E Chap 2

WSHS - 2nd - C/E - Chap. 2 Terms - Boyd/Tedder

Precedent a past ruling that judges use to help decide a case
Colony a group of people that live in a territory but keep ties to their parent country
Charter a written document that grants land and the authority to set up colonial governments
Enlightenment a cultural movement that started in England in the 1600s
Natural rights rights such as life, liberty and property, that no government can take away (written by John Locke)
Common law a system of law that rests on court decisions rather than regulations written by lawmakers
Joint-stock company a company that provides investors partial ownership and a share in future profits
Social contract a contract in which people agree to obey the government, while the government agrees to protect their rights
Legislature an organized government body that has the power to make laws
Compact an agreement among a group of people
Royal colony a colony owned and ruled by a king
Pilgrims people on a religious journey
Plantation a large estate that is usually worked by people who also live there
Indentured servant someone who is bound to work for another person in return for payment of his or her travel expenses
Puritans religious reformers who founded Massachusetts
Proprietary colony an owner controlled colony, ie when New York was granted to the Duk of York
Toleration the government policy of accepting unofficial religions
Religious dissenters people in New England and the Middle Colonies who followed a religious faith other than the Anglican religion
Triangular trade a system of shipping slaves that included America, Africa, and the West Indies
Egalitarianism the belief in human equality, with respect to social, political, and economic rights
Tidewater land that includes low plains near the coast of North Carolina
Delegate a representative to a convention or conference
Merchantilism an economic system based on the theory that a country’s power depends on its wealth
Boycott refusal to buy something
Independence the state of being self-governing and free from outside control
Repeal to call back or cancel an act through legal means
monarch a king or queen who rules a nation
magna carta a contract that limited the power of a monarch by pledging that no one would be above the law, not even the king or queen
parliment the English legislature
merchantilism the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
delegates representatives
self-reliance freedom
"Common Sense" a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine supporting the colonists independence
Declaration of Independence a document that announced the independence of the United States from British rule
Thomas Jefferson the main author of the Declaration of Independence
consitution a written plan of government
bicameral a two house system of government
confederation a group of individuals or state governments that band together for common cause
Articles of Confederation created the first constitution of the United States of America
1781 the year the Articles of the Confederation was ratified
amend to change
Created by: ktedder