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APUSH ch. 5

TermDefinition
Age of Revolution 1775-1848 American, French, Hatian, Greek Revolutions Revolt of slaves in Latin America British lost 13 Colonies
King George III King of Britain and Ireland Britain defeated France in 7 Years War under his reign Lost 13 Colonies in Revolutionary War Mentally Ill
Virtual Representation Persons who are unable to vote are represented by legal voters
Stamp act of 1756 Required colonists to pay tax on printed resources Documents not legal until stamped Cause of Boston Tea Party
Wool Act Attempt to heighten taxes and increase control over trade and production in the colonies Forbid export of wool out of colonies
Molasses Act Imposed tax of 6 pence per gallon on molasses imports from non-english colonies
"No Taxation Without Representation" Slogan by colonists which was cause of American Revolution
Stamp Act Congress Congressmen worked together for the first time from all different states to devise a protest against the stamp act
Committees of Correspondence Colonies' first act of working together to maintain communication and work against Great Britain
Sons of Liberty Large group of workers against the Stamp Act Masterminds of Boston Tea Party Burned custom house where stamps were kept Samuel Adams and Paul Revere
Declatory Act 1776 Parliament repealed Stamp act and passed this act which reaffirmed their right to "bind" the colonies
The Regulators Settlers in Carolinas made themselves regulators because there was no government
Daughters of Liberty Female patriots that protested treatment by the British Colonies and boycott of British goods
Boston Massacre Fight in the town center where colonists threw snowballs, sticks, and stones at British soldiers Many wounded and killed
Boston Tea Party Protest against taxation Sons of liberty threw 342 chests of tea overboard from British ships Resulted in Coercive Acts andpushed two sides closer to war
Intolerable Acts 1774 The Intolerable Acts was a name for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea party intended to punish the colonists of Massachusetts for their defiance in throwing a large tea shipment into Boston harbor.
Quebec Act Passed by parliament of Great Britain Design to extend boundaries of Quebec and grant religious freedom to catholic canadians
Continental Congress Delegates from each of the 13 colonies who became the governing central of the U.S. during the revolution
Second Continental Congress Delegates that met after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun
Thomas Paine Political philosopher that shaped many new ideas during the Revolution
Common Sense Written by Thomas Paine First writing to advocate for American independence
Thomas Jefferson American Founding Father Principal author of Declaration of Independence Third president of U.S.
Declaration of Independence States government exists for benefit of the people and that all men are created equal Granted independence from Britain and King George Stated grievances
American Exceptionalism A new free nation full of liberty with democratic ideals
British Advantages during Revolution Best military in the world Well trained and equipped soldiers Had a lot of funding Most indians sided with Britain
American Advantages during Revolution War was fought in their country Alliance with the French Better rifles
George Washington First president of U.S. Commander in chief of Revolutionary War Founding Father
Lord Dunmore Governor of New York America's "first villain" Lacked diplomatic skills (gunpowder incident)
Key Battles of Revolutionary War Lexington and Concord Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of Cowpens Battle of Monmouth Battle of Saratoga
The French Alliance Stated that if war broke out between France and Great Britain, France and America would fight together
Treaty of Paris 1783 Ended Revolutionary War Recognized American independence
John Dickinson's "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" United colonists against the Townshend Acts Argued taxes from parliament that were an effort to bring in revenue rather than regulate trade were unconstitutional
Created by: carolineroos