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US HIST UNIT 2 2018

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian U.S. History Unit 2 Test Flashcards 2018

QuestionAnswer
What is the definition of "customs duties"? Taxes on imports and exports.
What items did the Townshend Acts put taxes on? Lead, glass, paper, paint, and tea.
What were committees of correspondence? These were committees created to help Colonists communicate with each other in order to organize resistance against British rule.
What were the "Intolerable Acts"? This was the name given to the Coercive and Quebec Acts together.
Who were "minutemen"? These were specially trained militia members who were said to be "ready for battle at a moment's notice".
What items were taxed by the Stamp Act of 1765? Most printed materials such as newspapers, pamphlets, playing cards, and diplomas.
Why did Parliament pass the Coercive Acts of 1774? They published these acts to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party.
Where did the last battle of the Revolutionary War take place? This battle took place at Yorktown, Virginia.
What advantage did Morgan's Raiders (led by Daniel Morgan) have that they used against British forces? He and his soldiers had extensive knowledge of the land. They created blockades using large trees, which forced British soldiers off of well - known roads. Then the Raiders used guerrilla warfare tactics against them.
What invention allowed Colonial soldiers to fire their weapons at targets much further away than before, and with much greater accuracy? The invention of rifling - spiral grooves cut into the barrels of rifles - allowed soldiers to do this.
Who did General George Washington hire to help train troops at Valley Forge? General Washington hired General Baron von Steuben to help him with this.
List three (3) problems that Colonial soldiers experienced while they were at their winter camp in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. 1.) Lack of food; 2.) Spread of diseases such as smallpox; 3.) Lack of warm clothing and shoes to protect them from winter weather.
What was the "Boston Tea Party"? This was an act of rebellion by Colonists against British taxes. Boston citizens - disguised as Native Americans - boarded ships and dumped 342 chests of British tea overboard into Boston Harbor.
What Act (i.e. law) sparked the citizens of Boston to conduct the "Boston Tea Party"? The Tea Act of 1773 sparked this rebellion. This act "created favorable business terms for the struggling British East India Company.
What does the term "Tories" mean/ refer to? This term refers to Colonial citizens that were still loyal to King George and believed that British law should be upheld. This group of people dominated Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, & New York.
What does the term "Whigs" mean/ refer to? This term refers to Colonial citizens who believed that the British had become tyrants. This group of people dominated the New England Colonies and Virginia.
According to the video "America, The Story of US - Revolution", and our textbooks, when was the Declaration of Independence signed? This document was signed on July 4th, 1776.
According to the video "America, The Story of US - Revolution", what were conditions like on British prison ships? Conditions here were inhumane! 9 out of 10 Colonial prisoners of war died. The dead were sometimes left in the ship for 9 to 10 days after death. Diseases like Smallpox spread very quickly.
According to the video "America, The Story of US - Revolution", about how many Colonial prisoners of war died on board British prison ships? Approximately 12,000 prisoners died here during the course of the Revolutionary War.
What happened "on the night of December 25, 1776"? On this date, General George Washington led 2,400 of his troops across the Delaware River to make a surprise attack on a Hessian army camp on the other side of the river (in New Jersey).
What happened at Lexington and Concord? The first shots of the American Revolution were fired in these cities.
What was one (1) result of the French and Indian War? One (1) result of this was that Great Britain became the dominant colonial power in North America.
What was the name of treaty that ended the French and Indian War? The name of this treaty was the Treaty of Paris of 1763.
What territory did France give to Spain after the French and Indian War? After this war, France gave Spain "all of its territory west of the Mississippi River as well as New Orleans".
What was the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763? The purpose of this was to attempt to stop colonial expansion into Native American lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Created by: sticklerpjpII