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Fisher USCourt Cases

US History Regents Review Supreme Court Cases

TermDefinition
Marbury v Madison 1803 Judicial Review. Supreme Court can decide if a law violates the Constitution
McCulloch v Maryland 1819 Federal government has supremacy over state governments, National Bank is constitutional
Gibbons v Ogden 1824 Only federal government can regulate interstate trade
Dred Scott v Sandford 1857 Slaves deemed property, not citizens. Missouri Compromise unconstitutional for denying citizens their property
Cherokee Nation v Georgia 1831 Supreme Court doesn't have jurisdiction to hear cases from Indian nations because they are not US citizens
Worcester v Georgia 1832 Requiring a license for a Native American to live on a reservation is unconstitutional
Plessy v Ferguson 1896 Legalized segregation, under 14th amendment public facilities may be separate but equal
Schenck v US 1919 Free speech can be limited during wartime if it causes clear and present danger
Korematsu v US 1944 Relocation of Japanese-Americans to internment camps is legal to protect US from potential threat
Brown v Board of Education 1954 Segregation in public high schools is illegal, separate is not equal
Mapp v Ohio 1961 Due process, illegally obtained evidence can't be used in trial
Gideon v Wainright 1961 Due process, right to a lawyer, provided for free if needed
Escobedo v Illinois 1964 Due process, suspects have right to an attorney during questioning
Miranda v Arizona 1966 Due process, suspects must be informed of Constitutional rights before being questioned
Roe v Wade 1973 Abortion legal due to Constitutional right to privacy
US v Nixon 1974 Executive privilege can't be used unless it involves national security
Gregg v Georgia 1976 Death penalty does NOT violate 8th amendment, is NOT cruel and unusual punishment
Furman v Georgia 1972 Death penalty violates 8th amendment, IS cruel and unusual punishment
Engel v Vitale 1962 Prayer in public school banned, violated separation of church and state and freedom of religion
NY Times v US 1971 New York Times can publish Pentagon Papers about US role in Vietnam because of freedom of speech
Heart of Atlanta Motel v US 1964 Government CAN regulate private business if their services affect interstate commerce, no discrimination allowed
Created by: fisher_lisa